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Publication-only abstracts (abstract number preceded by an "e"), published in conjunction with the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting but not presented at the Meeting, can be found online only.

Activity of osimetrinib/AZD9291 in pretreated patients (pts) with epidermal growth factor receptor mutant (EGFRmt) non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to EGFR mutations detected in circulating plasma DNA (ctDNA).

Sub-category:
Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Category:
Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic

Meeting:
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting

Abstract No:
e20608

Citation:
J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr e20608)

Author(s): Emmanouil Kontopodis, Jordana Nuria, Aliki Ntzifa, Panayiotis Katsaounis, Charalambos Haris Charalambous, Ioannis Boukovinas, Emily Tsaroucha, Amanda Psyrri, Anna Koumarianou, Michail Nikolaou, Nikolaos K. Kentepozidis, Rafael Rosell, Vassilis Georgoulias, Niki Karachaliou, Athanasios Kotsakis; University Hospital of Heraklion "Venizeleion", Heraklion, Greece; University Hospital Quiron Dexeus, Barcelona, Spain; Hellenic Oncology Research Group (HORG), Athens, Greece; Bank of Cyprus Onc Centre, Nicosia, Cyprus; Bioclinic Thessaloniki Medical Oncology Unit, Athens, Greece; 8th Department of Pulmonary Diseases, “Sotiria” General Hospital, Athens, Greece; Attikon University Hospital, Athens, Greece; Hematology-Oncology Clinic, Fourth Department of Internal Medicine, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece; Department of Internal Medicine, Medical Oncology Unit, “Elena Venizelou” General Maternal Hospital of Athens, Athens, Greece; Dept. of Oncology, 251 Hellenic Airforce General Hospital, Athens, AZ, Greece; Department of Medical Oncology, University General Hospital of Larissa, Larissa, Greece

Abstract Disclosures

Abstract:

Background: Osimertinib is an irreversible EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), selective for EGFR TKI-sensitizing mutations and the T790M resistance mutation. We sought to determine the activity of osimertinib after progression on EGFR TKIs in pts with T790-negative ctDNA. Methods: A multicenter phase II study (clinicaltrials.gov NCT02771314) of osimertinib (80 mg daily) was conducted in pts with metastatic EGFRmt NSCLC, who had progressed after previous treatment with EGFR TKIs. Serial serum and/or plasma samples were drawn for ctDNA analysis at enrollment, 1 month and every 3 months of treatment, until disease progression. Efficacy outcomes in pts without the T790M mutation in ctDNA at baseline are reported. Results: Thirty-seven NSCLC patients with undetectable baseline T790M in the plasma have been enrolled. Median age was 67 years, 21.6% were male, and histology was adenocarcinoma in 100%. More frequent adverse events (grade 1/2) included diarrhea (12.5%), fatigue (12.5%), anorexia (12.5%) and acneiform rash (10.4%). The overall response rate (ORR) was 40.5% (95% CI, 24.7-56.4%) and the disease stabilization rate 37.8%; the median progression-free survival (PFS) was 8.9 months (range, 1.6-30), and the estimated median overall survival (OS) 26 months (range, 2.2-30). At enrollment, EGFR mutations del19 and L858R were detected in ctDNA in 9 and 3 pts, respectively. After one month of treatment with osimertinib, EGFR mutations in ctDNA were not detectable in 4/9 and 2/3 of pts with del19 and L858R at baseline, respectively. Pts without detectable EGFRm ctDNA at baseline remained negative throughout the study. Efficacy according to baseline ctDNA status was as follows: Clinical trial information: NCT02771314Conclusions: Osimertinib was effective in EGFR TKI pretreated pts without EGFR T790M mutation in plasma. Pts with detectable del19 or L858R mutations in ctDNA before treatment had worse clinical outcomes, despite the elimination of EGFRmt ctDNA.

del19 (-)/ L858R (-)del19 (+)L858R (+)
N2593
ORR, %5222.20
Median PFS, months12.85.45.3
Median OS, monthsNot reached12.912.4

 
Other Abstracts in this Sub-Category:

 

1. Association of STK11/LKB1 genomic alterations with lack of benefit from the addition of pembrolizumab to platinum doublet chemotherapy in non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer.

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 102 First Author: Ferdinandos Skoulidis
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

2. Real-world outcomes of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (aNSCLC) and autoimmune disease (AD) receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 110 First Author: Sean Khozin
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

3. RELAY: A multinational, double-blind, randomized Phase 3 study of erlotinib (ERL) in combination with ramucirumab (RAM) or placebo (PL) in previously untreated patients with epidermal growth factor receptor mutation-positive (EGFRm) metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 9000 First Author: Kazuhiko Nakagawa
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

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