2019 ASCO Annual Meeting!
Session: Central Nervous System Tumors
Type: Oral Abstract Session
Time: Monday June 3, 1:15 PM to 4:15 PM
A phase I study of convection-enhanced delivery of 124I-8H9 radio-labeled monoclonal antibody in children with diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma: An update with dose-response assessment.
Central Nervous System Tumors
Central Nervous System Tumors
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting
J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr 2008)
Author(s): Mark M. Souweidane, Kim Kramer, Neeta Pandit-Taskar, Zhiping Zhou, Pat Zanzonico, Maria Donzelli, Serge K. Lyashchenko, Sofia Haque, Sunitha B Thakur, Nai-Kong V. Cheung, Steven M. Larson, Ira J. Dunkel; Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY
Background: Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) represents one of the most deadly central nervous system tumors of childhood with a median survival of less than 12 months. Convection-enhanced delivery (CED) has been recently hypothesized as a means for efficiently distributing therapeutic agents within the brain stem. We conducted this study to evaluate CED in children with DIPG. Methods: We performed a standard phase I dose escalation study in patients with non-progressive DIPG 4 to 14 weeks post-completion of radiation therapy. Seven dose levels of a single injection of 124I-8H9 (Omburtamab) (range 0.25 to 4.0 mCi) were studied. Results: 37 children were treated with 34 evaluable for primary and secondary endpoints. The median age at enrollment was 6.8 years old (range 3.2 - 17.9). There was no dose limiting toxicity (DLT). Among adverse events that were at least possibly related to the treatment, there were no grade 4 or 5 events, and only 4 reversible grade 3 events in 4 patients (2 hemiparesis, 1 skin infection and 1 anxiety). Estimations of distribution volumes based on T2-weighted imaging were dose dependent and ranged from 1.5 to 20.8 cm3, and for dose level 7, 10.5 - 19.0 cm3. The mean volume of distribution/volume of infusion ratio (Vd/Vi) was 3.4 ±1.1, and for dose level 7, 3.5 ± 1.0. The mean lesion absorbed dose was 33.3 ± 25.9 Gy, and for dose level 7, 50.1 ± 22.9 Gy. The mean ratio of lesion-to-whole body absorbed dose was 910. The mean volume of distribution/tumor volume ratio on dose level 7 was 82.5%, but the mean tumor overlap was 40.5%. No death occurred as a result of the treatment. Median survival was 15.3 months (n = 29, 95% CI 12.7 - 17.4). Median follow-up time of the 5 surviving patients is 27.2 months (range 11.5 - 72.4). Overall survival rate at 12 months was 64.7% (22/34, 4 alive), and overall survival rate at 24 months 14.7% (5/34, 3 alive). Conclusions: CED in the brain stem of children with DIPG who were previously irradiated is a safe therapeutic strategy. An infusion volume of 4,000 mcl appears to be a reasonable single dose for a target distribution volume but enhanced tumor coverage is likely needed. There seems to be a survival benefit using this therapeutic strategy and outcomes might be dependent on dosimetry and distribution patterns. Clinical trial information: NCT01502917