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Attend this session at the
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting!


Session: Gastrointestinal (Noncolorectal) Cancer

Type: Poster Session

Time: Monday June 3, 8:00 AM to 11:00 AM

Location: Hall A

A landscape of circulating tumor DNA in esophageal adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma.

Sub-category:
Esophageal or Gastric Cancer

Category:
Gastrointestinal (Noncolorectal) Cancer

Meeting:
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting

Abstract No:
4070

Poster Board Number:
Poster Session (Board #175)

Citation:
J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr 4070)

Author(s): Kabir Mody, Rami Manochakian, Daniel H. Ahn, Ali Roberts, Rebecca Nagy, Richard B. Lanman, Pashtoon Murtaza Kasi; Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL; Ohio State University Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard J. Solove Research Institute, Columbus, OH; Guardant Health, Inc., Redwood City, CA

Abstract Disclosures

Abstract:

Background: Esophageal cancer (EC) is a lethal malignancy with limited treatment options. Genomic analyses have led to the elucidation of numerous dysregulated genes in esophageal adenocarcinoma (AC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and the potential for advancement of targeted therapies in this disease. Data regarding circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) plasma analysis in EC in real-world clinical practice is limited. Methods: We performed ctDNA next-generation sequencing (NGS) analysis in patients (pts) with EC (January 2015- February 2018). ctDNA analysis was performed using Guardant 360 (Guardant Health, CA) which detects single nucleotide variants and insertion/deletion mutations, and specific amplifications and fusions, in up to 73 different genes. The mutant allele fraction (MAF) for detected alterations was calculated relative to wild type in ctDNA. Therapeutic relevance was defined as alterations within OncoKB levels 1-3B and R1. Results: Among 450 pts, 487 total samples were analyzed (77% AC, 31% SCC). ctDNA NGS revealed at least one genomic alteration (excluding variants of uncertain significance and synonymous mutations) in 81% of pts (90% AC, 88% SCC). Median number of alterations per AC patient was 4 [range, 1-59] and a median MAF of 0.84% (range, 0.02% - 83.7%); SCC was 5 [range, 1-26], with a median MAF of 0.99% (range, 0.01% - 85.2%). The total number of unique alterations was 1,162. The most commonly altered genes in AC: TP53 (70%), KRAS (20%), ERBB2 (18%), EGFR (16%), PIK3CA (16%); in SCC: TP53 (88%), PIK3CA (24%), CCND1 (23%), KRAS (21%), EGFR 15%). Therapeutically relevant alterations will be described. Conclusions: ctDNA plasma profiling of pts with EC is a feasible alternative and non-invasive method to gather comprehensive genomic data. Further large comparison studies to assess landscape of genomic alterations observed through ctDNA versus tissue-based assays, in addition to studies of targeted therapy outcomes based on ctDNA-detected alterations, are needed.

 
Other Abstracts in this Sub-Category:

 

1. ARTIST 2: Interim results of a phase III trial involving adjuvant chemotherapy and/or chemoradiotherapy after D2-gastrectomy in stage II/III gastric cancer (GC).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 4001 First Author: Se Hoon Park
Category: Gastrointestinal (Noncolorectal) Cancer - Esophageal or Gastric Cancer

 

2. Optimizing chemotherapy for frail and elderly patients (pts) with advanced gastroesophageal cancer (aGOAC): The GO2 phase III trial.

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 4006 First Author: Peter S Hall
Category: Gastrointestinal (Noncolorectal) Cancer - Esophageal or Gastric Cancer

 

3. Pembrolizumab with or without chemotherapy versus chemotherapy for advanced gastric or gastroesophageal junction (G/GEJ) adenocarcinoma: The phase III KEYNOTE-062 study.

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: LBA4007 First Author: Josep Tabernero
Category: Gastrointestinal (Noncolorectal) Cancer - Esophageal or Gastric Cancer

 

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