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Attend this session at the
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting!


Session: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic

Type: Poster Session

Time: Sunday June 2, 8:00 AM to 11:00 AM

Location: Hall A

Immune-checkpoints inhibitors in metastatic non small cell lung cancer with rare histology.

Sub-category:
Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Category:
Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic

Meeting:
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting

Abstract No:
9106

Poster Board Number:
Poster Session (Board #429)

Citation:
J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr 9106)

Author(s): Diego Signorelli, Roberto Ferrara, Claudia Proto, Giuseppe Lo Russo, Martina Imbimbo, Giulia Galli, Alessandro De Toma, Filippo Pagani, Giovanni Randon, Giovanni Fucà, Benedetta Trevisan, Monica Ganzinelli, Nicoletta Zilembo, Alessandra Fabbri, Filippo G. De Braud, Marina Chiara Garassino, Arsela Prelaj; Fondazione IRCCS-Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, Milan, Italy; Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, Milan, Italy; Division of Medical Oncology, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, Milan, Italy; Medical Oncology Department, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, Milan, Italy; Adult Mesenchymal and Rare Tumor Unit, Department of Cancer Medicine, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, Milan, Italy; Instituto Nazionale Per Lo Studio E, Milan, Italy

Abstract Disclosures

Abstract:

Background: Immune-checkpoints inhibitors (ICIs) have clearly improved prognosis of metastatic lung squamous carcinoma and adenocarcinoma, while their benefit remains uncertain in patients (pts) with rare NSCLC histotypes (RH). The study aim was to evaluate ICIs efficacy in RH. Methods: We retrospectively collected data from consecutive metastatic NSCLC pts treated with ICIs at our Institution from 4/2013 to 12/2018. Objective response rate (ORR) and disease control rate (DCR) were assessed. Fisher’s exact test was used to compare ORR and DCR in RH versus not-RH (NRH). Univariate and multivariate survival analyses were estimated by Kaplan-Meier and Cox progression hazard models. Results: Of 268 pts, 31 (11.6%) had RH: 16 sarcomatoid, 7 pulmonary enteric adenocarcinoma, 4 large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma and 4 adenosquamous carcinoma. In RH group, median age was 67 years old (range 41-81), most were males (71%) and smokers (90.3%); ECOG PS was: 0 (16.1%), 1 (67.8%) and 2 (16.1%). PD-L1 < 1%, 1-49%, ≥50% and unknown expression were reported in 22.6%, 19.3%, 35.5% and 22.6% pts, respectively. Twelve pts received ICIs as first and 19 as second or further-line. ORR was 22.6% in RH, 20.3% in NRH (p = 0.81); DCR was 35.5% in RH, 53.1% in NRH (p = 0.08). After a median follow-up of 20 months (m) (95% CI 4.0 – 36.7 m), median progression-free survival (PFS) was 2.6 m (95% CI 1.9-3.3 m) in RH vs 2.6 m in NRH (95% CI 2.1 – 3.0 m); median overall survival (OS) was 4.6 m (95% CI 0.03-12.0 m) in RH vs 9.2 m (95% CI 7.4 – 10.9 m) in NRH. No statistically significant differences were seen between the two groups (p = 0.729 for PFS, p = 0.601 for OS). At multivariate analyses adjusted for age, sex, smoke, PS, PD-L1 status, line of therapy and histotype (RH vs NRH), only low PS and first line treatment showed better PFS and OS (p < 0.001 and p = 0.003, respectively) in overall population. Conclusions: Our analysis, limited by the small and heterogeneous RH sample size, reported no significant differences between RH and NRH in terms of ORR, DCR and survival. However, looking at OS and DCR data, RH seem to have worse outcome. Correlation between histotype and pts characteristics and survival analyses in a larger cohort of ICIs treated NSCLC pts is ongoing. Specific prospective trials are needed to evaluate ICIs role in RH.

 
Other Abstracts in this Sub-Category:

 

1. Association of STK11/LKB1 genomic alterations with lack of benefit from the addition of pembrolizumab to platinum doublet chemotherapy in non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer.

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 102 First Author: Ferdinandos Skoulidis
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

2. Real-world outcomes of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (aNSCLC) and autoimmune disease (AD) receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 110 First Author: Sean Khozin
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

3. RELAY: A multinational, double-blind, randomized Phase 3 study of erlotinib (ERL) in combination with ramucirumab (RAM) or placebo (PL) in previously untreated patients with epidermal growth factor receptor mutation-positive (EGFRm) metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 9000 First Author: Kazuhiko Nakagawa
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

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