Best of ASCO - 2014 Annual Meeting

 

Welcome

Attend this session at the
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting!


Session: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic

Type: Poster Session

Time: Sunday June 2, 8:00 AM to 11:00 AM

Location: Hall A

Early mortality in metastatic lung cancer: A SEER population data analysis.

Sub-category:
Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Category:
Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic

Meeting:
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting

Abstract No:
9103

Poster Board Number:
Poster Session (Board #426)

Citation:
J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr 9103)

Author(s): Opher Globus, Jair Bar, Amir Onn, Inbal Uri, Sivan Lieberman, Jonathan Weidenfeld, Rakefet Manu-Sitton, Yael Eshet, Yaacov Richard Lawrence, Damien Urban; Sheba Medical Center, Ramat Gan, Israel; Institute of Oncology, Sheba Medical Center, Ramat Gan, Israel; Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel

Abstract Disclosures

Abstract:

Background: Millions of dollars invested in improving outcomes for metastatic lung cancer patients are essentially aimed at extending long term survival, with significant benefits being achieved over the last decade. However, little is known about lung cancer patients who die rapidly after diagnosis, potentially being deprived of these advances. We analyzed population-based data to describe real-world outcomes in metastatic lung cancer patients focusing on patients with early mortality. Methods: Using the Survival, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) Database we analyzed adult metastatic lung cancers diagnosed between 1994-2014. This period was divided into 3 equal time periods: 1994-2000 (TP1), 2001-2007 (TP2) and 2008-2014 (TP3). Early mortality was defined as death within 2 months of diagnosis. Correlations between categorical variables were analyzed with chi squared tests and survival was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: Of 276,527 patients diagnosed with metastatic lung cancer, median age was 67 (range 20-105) and 154,465 (56%) were males. Thirty eight percent (103,830) of all patients died within 2 months of diagnosis. Of these early deaths, 96,344 (92.8%) were due to lung cancer. While the 2-year survival almost doubled from TP1 compared to TP3 (6% vs 11%, p < 0.001), the percentage of patients who died within 2 months only marginally improved (39.7% vs. 36.2% in TP1 vs TP3, respectively). For patients surviving at least 2 months, 2-year survival increased from 10% to 18% in TP1 vs TP3 (p < 0.001). Factors associated with early mortality include age > 65 (45% vs 31%), unmarried status (42% vs 34%), male sex (39% vs 36%), liver metastases (47% vs 32%) and large cell carcinoma vs adenocarcinoma (44% vs 36%) (all p < 0.001). Conclusions: While there has been a steady improvement in the long-term overall survival of patients with metastatic lung cancer, over one third of patients still die within 2 months of diagnosis. This has only marginally improved in the last 20 years. Research is urgently needed to identify causative and treatable factors.

 
Other Abstracts in this Sub-Category:

 

1. Association of STK11/LKB1 genomic alterations with lack of benefit from the addition of pembrolizumab to platinum doublet chemotherapy in non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer.

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 102 First Author: Ferdinandos Skoulidis
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

2. Real-world outcomes of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (aNSCLC) and autoimmune disease (AD) receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 110 First Author: Sean Khozin
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

3. RELAY: A multinational, double-blind, randomized Phase 3 study of erlotinib (ERL) in combination with ramucirumab (RAM) or placebo (PL) in previously untreated patients with epidermal growth factor receptor mutation-positive (EGFRm) metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 9000 First Author: Kazuhiko Nakagawa
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

More...