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Publication-only abstracts (abstract number preceded by an "e"), published in conjunction with the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting but not presented at the Meeting, can be found online only.

Clinical haematological biomarkers: Derived neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (dNLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and prognostic nutritional index (PNI) and their relationship to survival outcomes in non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with immunotherapy: A multicenter review.

Sub-category:
Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Category:
Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic

Meeting:
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting

Abstract No:
e20704

Citation:
J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr e20704)

Author(s): Colum Dennehy, Eileen McMahon, Derek Gerard Power, Seamus O'Reilly, Dearbhaile Catherine Collins, Deirdre O'Mahony, Anne M. Horgan, Miriam O'Connor, Emmet Jordan, Paula Calvert, Richard Martin Bambury; Cork University Hospital, Cork, Ireland; Mater Misericordiae University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland; Mercy University Hospital, Cork, Ireland; Drug Development Unit-The Institute of Cancer Research and The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, Sutton, United Kingdom; Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Toronto, ON, Canada; University Hospital Waterford, Waterford, Ireland; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY; Cork University Hospital, Wilton, Ireland

Abstract Disclosures

Abstract:

Background: Efficient use of immunotherapy in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has been limited by the lack of a definitive predictive biomarker. Recently considerable efforts have been invested to develop biomarkers to predict which patients should receive immune checkpoint inhibitors. This retrospective cohort study aimed to determine whether clinical factors and inflammation-based biological markers such as pre-treatment derived neutrophils to lymphocytes (dNLR) ratio, platelets to lymphocytes (PLR) ratio and prognostic nutritional index (PNI) were associated with outcomes in NSCLC patients treated with immunotherapy. Methods: This study was a multicentered, retrospective systematic review. Clinical and electronic records were retrospectively examined from metastatic NSCLC patients treated with immunotherapy from August of 2015 to September 2018 in 2 regional cancer centers and a total of 69 patients were enrolled. NLR ≥5 and PLR ≥260 were defined as elevated and PNI ≤35 was defined as reduced. Results: Approximately, 57% of patients had NLR ≤ 5 and 51% had PLR ≤260. We found utilising univariant analysis, that pretreatment NLR ≤ 5 was independently associated with superior OS (median 12.4 vs. 6.8 months; HR 2.13, 95% CI 1.66-2.6; p = 0.007) and PFS (median 3.55 vs. 2.6 months; HR 1.75, 95% CI 1.18-2.32; p = 0.024). Results were similar when examining PLR ≤260 median OS 13.64 vs. 7.36 months; HR 1.92, 95% CI 1.1-3.5; p = 0.028) The optimal cutoff for PNI was designated to be 35. The majority (87%) had PNI > 35. NSCLC patients with PNI > 35 were found to have significantly higher median OS compared to patients with PNI ≤35 (11.11 vs. 2.4 months; HR 5.36, 95% CI ; p = 0.001). Conclusions: Immunotherapy is considered as an effective new method to treat advanced NSCLC. In this cohort of patients pretreatment NLR < 5,PLR < 260 and PNI > 35 were associated with superior outcomes. It is unclear whether these markers are predictive or prognostic or both.

 
Other Abstracts in this Sub-Category:

 

1. Association of STK11/LKB1 genomic alterations with lack of benefit from the addition of pembrolizumab to platinum doublet chemotherapy in non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer.

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 102 First Author: Ferdinandos Skoulidis
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

2. Real-world outcomes of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (aNSCLC) and autoimmune disease (AD) receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 110 First Author: Sean Khozin
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

3. RELAY: A multinational, double-blind, randomized Phase 3 study of erlotinib (ERL) in combination with ramucirumab (RAM) or placebo (PL) in previously untreated patients with epidermal growth factor receptor mutation-positive (EGFRm) metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 9000 First Author: Kazuhiko Nakagawa
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

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