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Publication-only abstracts (abstract number preceded by an "e"), published in conjunction with the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting but not presented at the Meeting, can be found online only.

Early assessment of therapy response in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) via longitudinal ctDNA analysis.

Sub-category:
Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Category:
Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic

Meeting:
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting

Abstract No:
e20701

Citation:
J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr e20701)

Author(s): Xiaoju Max Ma, Christine Ju, Corinna Woestmann, Liu Xi, Stephanie J. Yaung, Bernd Hinzmann, Michael Thomas, Claus Peter Heussel, Felix Lasitschka, Michael Meister, Marc Schneider, Felix Herth, Thomas Muley, Birgit Wehnl, John F. Palma; Roche Molecular Syst, Pleasanton, CA; Roche Molecular Systems, Inc, Pleasanton, CA; Signature Diagnostics Gmbh, Potsdam, Germany; Roche Sequencing Solutions, Inc., Pleasanton, CA; Signature Diagnostics AG, Potsdam, Germany; Thoraxklinik at Heidelberg University Hospital, Heidelberg, Germany; Institute of Pathology, University Hospital Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany; Thoraxklinik at Heidelberg University Hospital, Null, Germany; Roche Diagnostics GmbH, Penzberg, Germany; Roche, Pleasanton, CA

Abstract Disclosures

Abstract:

Background: Quantifying circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) is an emerging method to non-invasively assess treatment effect for solid tumors. Despite disease heterogeneity in NSCLC, we set out to identify a broadly applicable ctDNA-based method for disease monitoring. By employing plasma taken during early treatment cycles, we tested whether early response assessed by ctDNA level could predict treatment effect. Methods: Using a 197-gene NGS assay, the AVENIO ctDNA Surveillance Kit (For Research Use Only, not for use in diagnostic procedures), we measured ctDNA levels in post-treatment plasma samples based on variants identified at baseline. We used samples from an observational German Lung Cancer Multi-Marker Study. In a cohort of 83 stage IV lung adenocarcinoma treated with first-line chemo or chemoradiation therapies, we evaluated the association between survival and ctDNA levels in the first available post-treatment plasma sample (median number of days after start of treatment = 23). We used a ctDNA-based monitoring algorithm, and applied it to an independent set of 22 late stage lung squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) that also underwent chemo or chemoradiation therapies to further evaluate the algorithm in different histology subtypes. Results: We divided the 83 adenocarcinoma cohort into training (n = 53) and test (n = 30) sets. We found that subjects with longer progression free survival (PFS) had mean allele fraction (AF) < 1% in the training set. We applied the classifier to our validation set and found that subjects with mean AF < 1% had longer PFS (HR 0.35; 95% CI 0.12 - 0.93; log-rank P = 0.028) and overall survival (OS) (HR 0.29; 95% CI 0.09 - 0.89; log-rank P = 0.021). Using cutoffs identified in adenocarcinoma, we applied the same algorithms to the SCC cohort. Subjects with mean AF < 1% had longer PFS (HR 0.26; 95% CI 0.10 - 0.71; log-rank P = 0.005) and OS (HR 0.12; 95% CI 0.05 - 0.51; log-rank P = 0.001). Conclusions: Even in heterogeneous diseases such as NSCLC, changes in ctDNA levels in response to treatment may prove to be a valuable way of identifying subjects who may not benefit, which is earlier than current standard of care methods like computed tomography (CT) scan. Future prospective studies to confirm these results are warranted.

 
Other Abstracts in this Sub-Category:

 

1. Association of STK11/LKB1 genomic alterations with lack of benefit from the addition of pembrolizumab to platinum doublet chemotherapy in non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer.

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 102 First Author: Ferdinandos Skoulidis
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

2. Real-world outcomes of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (aNSCLC) and autoimmune disease (AD) receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 110 First Author: Sean Khozin
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

3. RELAY: A multinational, double-blind, randomized Phase 3 study of erlotinib (ERL) in combination with ramucirumab (RAM) or placebo (PL) in previously untreated patients with epidermal growth factor receptor mutation-positive (EGFRm) metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 9000 First Author: Kazuhiko Nakagawa
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

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