Publication-only abstracts (abstract number preceded by an "e"), published in conjunction with the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting but not presented at the Meeting, can be found online only.
Immunotherapy plus chemotherapy versus chemotherapy alone in metastatic non–small-cell lung cancer: A systematic review with meta-analysis.
Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting
J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr e20700)
Author(s): Andre Deeke Sasse, Fernanda Proa Ferreira, Adolfo Jose de Oliveira Scherr, David Pinheiro Cunha, Vivian Castro Antunes Vasconcelos, Susana Oliveira Botelho Ramalho, Vinicius Correa Conceicao, Rafael Luis Moura Lima do Carmo; SONHE - Sasse Oncology and Hematology Group, Campinas, Brazil; SONHE - Sasse Oncology and Hematology Group, Campinas - SP, Brazil
Background: Palliative systemic therapy is the primary approach for stage IV non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC). For patients with NSCLC that lacks targetable mutations, immunotherapy alone or in combination with chemotherapy has become a promising alternative, focusing survival and quality of life. Our objectives were to review, summarize and compare the evidence of immunotherapy plus chemotherapy in first-line treatment in comparison with chemotherapy alone in patients with metastatic NSCLC in terms of effectiveness. Methods: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was planned. PubMed, Embase and Lilacs were searched for trials evaluating metastatic NSCLC patients, comparing chemotherapy alone versus chemotherapy plus anti-PD1, anti-PDL1 or anti-CTLA-4 agents. Four investigators independently extracted characteristics and results of identified studies and performed standardized quality ratings. Meta-analyses for overall survival (OS), progression-free-survival (PFS), overall response rates (ORR) and toxicities were performed. Results: Six RCTs met the inclusion criteria. One trial with anti-PD-L1 (Atezolizumab), three trials with anti-PD-1 (Pembrolizumab) and two trials with anti-CTLA-4 (Ipilimumab) were included. Three trials included non-squamous carcinomas, two trials included squamous cell carcinoma and one trial included all NSCLC. The combination of anti-PD-1 or anti-PDL1 to chemotherapy improved OS (Hazard Ratio [HR] for death, 0.62; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.49 to 0.79; p < 0.0001). This combination also improved PFS (HR for progression or death, 0.57; 95% CI, 0.51 to 0.63; p < 0.00001) and ORR (Odds Ratio [OR], 2.55; 95% CI, 1.80 to 3.61; p < 0.00001). The combination of anti-CTLA-4 to chemotherapy slightly increased the PFS (HR 0.84; 95% CI, 0.73 to 0.96; p = 0.01), but not OS (HR 0.92; 95% CI, 0.80 to 1.05; p = 0.21) or ORR (OR 0.92; 95% CI, 0.71 to 1.19; p = 0.52). General and immune mediated adverse events were higher in all combination groups. Conclusions: In patients with previously untreated metastatic squamous and non-squamous NSCLC without EGFR or ALK mutations, the addition of anti-PD-1 or anti-PD-L1 to standard chemotherapy resulted in significantly longer overall survival and progression-free survival than chemotherapy alone.