2019 ASCO Annual Meeting!
Session: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic
Type: Poster Session
Time: Sunday June 2, 8:00 AM to 11:00 AM
Location: Hall A
Cancer cachexia, sarcopenia and hand-GRIP strength (HGS) in the prediction of outcome in patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs): A prospective, observational study.
Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting
Poster Board Number:
Poster Session (Board #422)
J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr 9099)
Author(s): Sofia Agelaki, Konstantinos Rounis, Chara Papadaki, Alexia A Monastirioti, Lampros Vamvakas, Ioannis Gioulbasanis, Dimitrios Mavroudis, Dimitris A Makrakis; Department of Medical Oncology, University General Hospital of Heraklion, Heraklion, Greece; Department Of Medical Oncology, University General Hospital of Heraklion, Heraklion, Greece; Laboratory of Translational Oncology, School of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece; University Hospital of Larissa, Larissa, Greece; University of Crete Medical School, Heraklion, Greece
Background: Cancer cachexia syndrome, affecting up to 80% of patients (pts) with NSCLC, is characterized by systemic inflammation, negative protein and energy balance and poor patient outcome. HGS has been independently correlated with outcome in pts with advanced cancer. We investigated the potential association between cachexia, sarcopenia and HGS with outcome in pts with advanced NSCLC treated with ICIs. Methods: Fifty-five pts with NSCLC treated with ICIs were included in the analysis. Patient and disease characteristics and data on outcome measures were prospectively collected. Cancer cachexia was defined as weight loss > 5% in the last 6 months, BMI < 20% (or baseline skeletal muscle index at the level of the 3rd lumbar vertebra consistent with sarcopenia) and any degree of weight loss > 2%. Baseline HGS was measured using the JAMAR analogue dynamometer. Results: Median age was 69 years, 50% of pts had non-squamous histology, 69% had PS 0-1, 61% had cancer cachexia and mean HGS was 27 kgs. Partial response, stable disease and progressive disease was recorded in 16%, 33% and 51% of pts, respectively. Median PFS was 4 months and median OS was 7.8 months. There was no association of cachexia or HGS with tumor burden, number of metastatic sites, LDH or neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio. Cachexia had a negative impact on HGS (p = 0,001). Pts with cachexia had lower response rates (4% vs 37%, p = 0.002), disease stabilization rates (32% vs 81%, p = 0.003) and shorter PFS (3.7 vs 8.2 months, p = 0.008) compared to non-cachectic pts. In multivariate analysis, cachexia independently predicted for shorter PFS (HR = 2.7, CI: 1.15 – 6.46, p = 0.023). Data on sarcopenia are being analyzed and will be presented at the meeting. Conclusions: Cancer cachexia is associated with lower response rates and disease stabilization rates and independently predicts for shorter PFS in pts with NSCLC treated with ICIs. To our knowledge this is the first report demonstrating a between the host’s immune and metabolic responses. The study of cancer cachexia may offer a new platform for the development of novel biomarkers of resistance to ICIs.