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2019 ASCO Annual Meeting!


Session: Gastrointestinal (Noncolorectal) Cancer

Type: Poster Session

Time: Monday June 3, 8:00 AM to 11:00 AM

Location: Hall A

A digital pathology demonstration of an "immune hot" ICOS+/CD45RO+ immunephenotype and the impact on survival in patients with esophageal adenocarcinoma.

Sub-category:
Esophageal or Gastric Cancer

Category:
Gastrointestinal (Noncolorectal) Cancer

Meeting:
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting

Abstract No:
4062

Poster Board Number:
Poster Session (Board #167)

Citation:
J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr 4062)

Author(s): Matthew Philip Humphries, Natalie Fisher, Rafal Kacprzyk, Stephanie G Craig, Victoria Bingham, Stephen McQuaid, Richard C. Turkington, Graeme I Murray, Jacqueline James, Manuel Salto-Tellez; Queens University Belfast, Belfast, United Kingdom; Northern Ireland Molecular Pathology Laboratory, Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, United Kingdom; Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, United Kingdom; University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Scotland

Abstract Disclosures

Abstract:

Background: Therapies targeting immune checkpoints are changing our understanding of the biology and treatment of cancer. Analysing the immune landscape in esophageal adenocarcinoma (EA) may help future prognostication and therapeutic decision-making. Methods: We assembled 310 EA cases in a tissue microarray format with associated clinicopathological information, including a discovery cohort of 156 EA from Northern Ireland and a 154 EA validation cohort from Aberdeen. We carried out validated immunohistochemistry (IHC), stained for range of adaptive immune (CD3, CD4, CD8 and CD45RO) and immune checkpoint biomarkers (ICOS and IDO-1). Slides were digitised and assessed using QuPath image analysis software program to quantify their expression and correlate them with outcome. Results: In the discovery cohort we identified a group of patients highly expressing several immune biomarkers, conferring a significant positive survival advantage (p = 0.022). CD3, CD4, CD8, CD45RO, and ICOS were individually prognostic for better overall survival (Log rank p = 0.0003; p = 0.0292; p = 0.0015; p = 0.0008; p = 0.0051 and p = 0.0264 respectively). Multivariate and correlation analysis identified a subgroup of CD45RO+/ICOS+ patients with significantly improved overall survival (p = 0.0002). The co-expression of CD45RO+/ICOS+ immunophenotype was investigated in the validation cohort and a confirmed survival advantage was seen (p = 0.042). Additionally, the Opal Multiplex IHC technology revealed the much higher frequency of single-cell, dual labelling of CD45RO+/ICOS+ in immune hot cases. Conclusions: These data demonstrate the advantage of immune markers other than the traditional CD3/CD4/CD8 in EA prognostication. The fact that one of these biomarkers is an immune checkpoint inhibitor may have therapeutic implications.

 
Other Abstracts in this Sub-Category:

 

1. ARTIST 2: Interim results of a phase III trial involving adjuvant chemotherapy and/or chemoradiotherapy after D2-gastrectomy in stage II/III gastric cancer (GC).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 4001 First Author: Se Hoon Park
Category: Gastrointestinal (Noncolorectal) Cancer - Esophageal or Gastric Cancer

 

2. Optimizing chemotherapy for frail and elderly patients (pts) with advanced gastroesophageal cancer (aGOAC): The GO2 phase III trial.

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 4006 First Author: Peter S Hall
Category: Gastrointestinal (Noncolorectal) Cancer - Esophageal or Gastric Cancer

 

3. Pembrolizumab with or without chemotherapy versus chemotherapy for advanced gastric or gastroesophageal junction (G/GEJ) adenocarcinoma: The phase III KEYNOTE-062 study.

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: LBA4007 First Author: Josep Tabernero
Category: Gastrointestinal (Noncolorectal) Cancer - Esophageal or Gastric Cancer

 

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