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Publication-only abstracts (abstract number preceded by an "e"), published in conjunction with the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting but not presented at the Meeting, can be found online only.

Association of allele frequency of EGFR mutation with efficacy of EGFR TKIs in advanced non-small cell lung cancer.

Sub-category:
Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Category:
Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic

Meeting:
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting

Abstract No:
e20678

Citation:
J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr e20678)

Author(s): Xiang-Meng Li, Jin-Ji Yang, Yi-Long Wu; Guangdong Lung Cancer Institute, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital and Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou, China

Abstract Disclosures

Abstract:

Background: Next-generation sequencing (NGS) is beneficial to precision medicine. However, it remains elusive whether the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutant allele frequency (MAF) tested by NGS is predictive for tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) therapy in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: We enrolled 194 advanced NSCLC EGFR mutant patients receiving erlotinib or gefitinib orally. A total of 196 baseline tissue samples from a phase III clinical trial (CTONG 0901; clinicaltrials.gov No.NCT01024413) between July 2009 and 2014 were analyzed by a panel of 168 lung cancer-related genes NGS. The median EGFR MAF was 25.8% (range, 1.4%-86.2%). Patients were divided into MAF low group (1.4%-25.8%) and high group (25.8%-86.2%). We defined PFS as the time of randomization to confirmed disease progression or death from any cause. OS was calculated from randomization to the last visit or death from any cause. Tumor response was assessed by investigators according to RECIST version 1.1. Survival was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. The relationship between the response of TKIs and EGFR MAF were evaluated by Pearson Chi-square test or Fisher’s exact test. Results: The median age was 58.7 years (range,31.2- 85.1), 92 (47.4%) were male, 41(21.1%) were smokers,189 (97.4%) had adenocarcinoma, 105 (54.1%) patients were identified as carrying EGFR exon 19 deletion, while one patient with the co-existence of T790M mutation. 85 (43.8%) patients harbored EGFR exon 21 L858R mutation. After 5 weeks of treatment, the initial response was assessed. No significant difference was observed in initial response between the high and low groups (P = 0.502). The difference in best response to EGFR-TKIs between the groups was not significant (P = 0.557). Objective response rate (ORR) was 56.2% and 57.5% respectively. There was no significant difference in median PFS [11.2 (95% CI,10.0 -12.3) vs 12.4 (95% CI,10.3-14.5) months, P = 0.509] between the groups. The high group was not significantly superior to the low group in median OS[20.5 (95% CI,18.0-23.0) vs 23.1 (95% CI,19.3-27.0) months, P = 0.500]. Conclusions:EGFR mutant allele frequency tested by NGS is not associated with the efficacy of EGFR TKIs in advanced NSCLC.

 
Other Abstracts in this Sub-Category:

 

1. Association of STK11/LKB1 genomic alterations with lack of benefit from the addition of pembrolizumab to platinum doublet chemotherapy in non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer.

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 102 First Author: Ferdinandos Skoulidis
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

2. Real-world outcomes of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (aNSCLC) and autoimmune disease (AD) receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 110 First Author: Sean Khozin
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

3. RELAY: A multinational, double-blind, randomized Phase 3 study of erlotinib (ERL) in combination with ramucirumab (RAM) or placebo (PL) in previously untreated patients with epidermal growth factor receptor mutation-positive (EGFRm) metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 9000 First Author: Kazuhiko Nakagawa
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

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