Publication-only abstracts (abstract number preceded by an "e"), published in conjunction with the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting but not presented at the Meeting, can be found online only.
ALK resistance mutations and co-occurring genetic alterations to the ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitors in lung cancer.
Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting
J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr e20675)
Author(s): Jin-Ji Yang, Chi Zhang, Jun Zhao, Pingping Dai, Gen Lin, Liankui Han, Chen Chen, Yan-Fang Guan, Ling Yang, Xin Yi, Xuefeng Xia; Guangdong Lung Cancer Institute, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital and Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou, China; Geneplus-Beijing Institute, Beijing, China; Beijing University School of Oncology Beijing Institute for Cancer Research, Beijing, China; Geneplus-Beijing Institute, Changping District, Beijing, China; Fujian Cancer Hospital, Fujian Medical University Cancer Hospital, Fuzhou, China; Cancer Institute and Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China; Geneplus-Beijing Institute, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Beijing, China; Geneplus-Beijing, Beijing, China; Houston Methodist Research Institute, Weill Cornell School of Medicine, Houston, TX
Background: Acquired ALK mutations pose a challenge in multiple ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) for lung cancer. In our study, we examined the profiles of ALK resistance mutations and co-occurring genetic alterations after targeted therapy. Methods: Using targeted gene capture and next-generation sequencing technologies, we analyzed the somatic mutations from174 patients (pts) with post-TKI samples. Among them, 123 pts received first-generation TKI crizotinib only, 51 pts (34 with second-generation TKI, 17 with third-generation TKI) treated with multiple ALK-TKIs. Results: After the treatment of ALK-TKIs, 29% (50/174) patients developed ALK resistance point mutations, including G1202R (22 pts), G1269A (13 pts), L1196M (8 pts), D1203N (5 pts), F1174L (4 pts), I1171T (4 pts), E1210K (4 pts), G1128A (3 pts), F1174C (3 pts), C1156Y (1 pts), G1123S (1 pts), I1171S (1 pts), L1152R (1 pts), and 10 of them had multi-clone. Specifically, G1269A was found a higher proportion in crizotinib group contrast to multi-TKIs cohort (10/24 vs 3/26, p = 0.024). The recalcitrant G1202R was another common resistance mutation, but there was no significant difference between the two groups (p = 0.052). Other concurrent genetic alterations related to clinical response were usually observed in TP53 mutations (46%), furthermore it seemed to be more frequently detected in post-crizotinb compared with multi-TKIs (P = 0.023). Activated bypass signaling may promote tumor progression. In non-ALK resistance point mutations samples (n = 124), co-occurring genomic alterations in EGFR (32/124, p = 0.004) were significantly more enriched in crizotinib group (n = 99). The driver gene mutation may limit crizotinib response. However, EP300 (24%), CDKN2A (12%), TRIM58 (12%), STK11 (12%) or KRAS (8%) mutations were common in the multiple ALK-TKIs group (n = 25). Conclusions: In lung cancer patients, ALK resistance point mutations G1269A was significantly enriched in post-crizotinib, while patients with multiple ALK-TKIs may frequently found G1202R or L1196M. The co-occurring genetic alterations in TP53 or EGFR after the TKIs therapeutic may offer directions for further research and therapy in lung cancer.