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Attend this session at the
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting!


Session: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic

Type: Poster Session

Time: Sunday June 2, 8:00 AM to 11:00 AM

Location: Hall A

Final PFS analysis and safety data from the phase III J-ALEX study of alectinib (ALC) vs. crizotinib (CRZ) in ALK-inhibitor naïve ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer (ALK+ NSCLC).

Sub-category:
Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Category:
Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic

Meeting:
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting

Abstract No:
9092

Poster Board Number:
Poster Session (Board #415)

Citation:
J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr 9092)

Author(s): Takashi Seto, Makoto Nishio, Toyoaki Hida, Hiroshi Nokihara, Masahiro Morise, Young Hak Kim, Koichi Azuma, Yuichi Takiguchi, Hiroshige Yoshioka, Toru Kumagai, Katsuyuki Hotta, Satoshi Watanabe, Koichi Goto, Miyako Satouchi, Toshiyuki Kozuki, Kazuhiko Nakagawa, Tetsuya Mitsudomi, Nobuyuki Yamamoto, Takashi Asakawa, Tomohide Tamura; National Kyushu Cancer Center, Fukuoka, Japan; Department of Thoracic Medical Oncology, The Cancer Institute Hospital of Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research, Tokyo, Japan; Department of Thoracic Oncology, Aichi Cancer Center Hospital, Nagoya, Japan; Tokushima University Hospital, Tokushima, Japan; Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan; Kyoto University Hospital, Kyoto, Japan; Division of Respirology, Neurology, and Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume, Japan; Department of Medical Oncology, Graduate School of Medicine Chiba University, Chiba, Japan; Department of Thoracic Oncology, Kansai Medical University Hospital, Hirakata, Japan; Department of Thoracic Oncology, Osaka International Cancer Institute, Osaka, Japan; Center for Innovative Clinical Medicine, Okayama Unversity Hospital, Okayama, Japan; Department of Respiratory Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata, Japan; National Cancer Center Hospital East, Kashiwa, Japan; Hyogo Cancer Center, Akashi, Japan; Department of Thoracic Oncology, National Hospital Organization Shikoku Cancer Center, Matsuyama, Japan; Kindai University Hospital, Osaka, Japan; Department of Surgery, Kindai University Faculty of Medicine, Osakasayama, Japan; Third Department of Internal Medicine, Wakayama Medical University, Wakayama, Japan; Chugai Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan; St Luke's International Hospital, Tokyo, Japan

Abstract Disclosures

Abstract:

Background: The primary analysis of the J-ALEX (JapicCTI-132316) study for the ALK-inhibitor naïve ALK+ NSCLC demonstrated superior progression-free survival (PFS) of ALC compared with CRZ (HR 0.34, 99.7% CI 0.17–0.71, stratified log-rank p < 0·0001) by the Independent Review Facility (IRF) (data cutoff, December 3 2015, Hida et al., Lancet 2017) . Here, we report the final PFS and OS 2nd interim data (data cutoff, June 30 2018). Methods:ALK+ NSCLC (by IHC and FISH or RT-PCR) patients were randomized 1:1 either to receive ALC (300 mg BID, n = 103) or CRZ (250 mg BID, n = 104). Stratification factors included ECOG PS, treatment line, and clinical stage. Primary endpoint was PFS according to the blinded IRF. Secondary endpoints included OS, objective response rate, and safety. Results: After a median follow-up of 42.2 months in the ALC arm and 42.4 months in the CRZ arm, an event of disease progression or death occurred in 54% and 86% in the ALC arm and the CRZ arm, respectively. The final PFS HR was 0.37 (95%CI 0.26-0.52): median IRF-PFS was 34.1 months (95%CI 22.1– not estimated) in the ALC arm and 10.2 months (95%CI 8.3–12.0) in the CRZ arm. HRs for the time to CNS progression or death was 0.33 (95%CI 0.11–0.93) and 0.20 (95%CI 0.08–0.49) with or without CNS metastases at baseline, respectively. The 2nd interim analysis of OS was still immature (events 30.1% in the ALC arm, 31.7% in the CRZ arm; stratified HR 0.80, 95%CI 0.35–1.82). Most of patients (77.9%) in the CRZ arm received ALC as a subsequent therapy whereas only 10.7% of patients in the ALC arm received CRZ. Proportion of patients with grade 3–4 AEs (37% vs 61%), AEs leading to interruption (40% vs 82%) or discontinuation (12% vs 23%) were lower in the ALC arm than the CRZ arm. There were no treatment-related deaths in either arm. Conclusions: In the final PFS analysis, ALC continued to demonstrate the superiority in IRF-PFS in ALK-inhibitor naïve ALK+ NSCLC regardless of baseline CNS metastases with a favorable safety profile. The updated result of OS will be presented in the future congress. Clinical trial information: JapicCTI-132316.

 
Other Abstracts in this Sub-Category:

 

1. Association of STK11/LKB1 genomic alterations with lack of benefit from the addition of pembrolizumab to platinum doublet chemotherapy in non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer.

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 102 First Author: Ferdinandos Skoulidis
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

2. Real-world outcomes of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (aNSCLC) and autoimmune disease (AD) receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 110 First Author: Sean Khozin
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

3. RELAY: A multinational, double-blind, randomized Phase 3 study of erlotinib (ERL) in combination with ramucirumab (RAM) or placebo (PL) in previously untreated patients with epidermal growth factor receptor mutation-positive (EGFRm) metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 9000 First Author: Kazuhiko Nakagawa
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

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