Best of ASCO - 2014 Annual Meeting

 

Welcome

Publication-only abstracts (abstract number preceded by an "e"), published in conjunction with the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting but not presented at the Meeting, can be found online only.

Diverse RB1 mutations and co-occurring molecular alterations in advanced NSCLC.

Sub-category:
Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Category:
Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic

Meeting:
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting

Abstract No:
e20672

Citation:
J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr e20672)

Author(s): Jie Huang, Lun-Xi Peng, Jin-Ji Yang, Yi-Long Wu; Guangdong Lung Cancer Institute, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Translational Medicine in Lung Cancer, Guangdong Provincial People’s Hospital and Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou, China; Guangdong Lung Cancer Inst, Guangzhou, China; Guangdong Lung Cancer Institute, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital and Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou, China

Abstract Disclosures

Abstract:

Background: Retinoblastoma transcriptional corepressor 1 (RB1) mutation is strikingly more frequent in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with SCLC transformation (SCLC-T) than that remain NSCLC. However, NSCLC patients harboring RB1 mutations do not necessarily transform to SCLC. Thus, exploring RB1 mutation frequency and co-occurring genomic alterations is potentially important to understand the SCLC-T mechanism. Methods: We investigated 47 NSCLC pts with RB1 aberrations at our institution. Submitted samples (tissue, plasma, cerebrospinal fluid and pleural effusion) were analyzed using next-generation sequencing across at least 139 genes (139-520). Demographics, molecular features and outcomes were analyzed. Results: Among 47 pts (27F/20M), median age was 58. Twenty (47%) had brain metastases and 7 (15%) underwent SCLC-T. A total of 39 types of RB1 mutations were identified, in which copy number deletion is the most common (40%). RB1 mutations were present from early NSCLC and were detected in 88%(29/33), 82%(9/11), 70%(9/13) and 42% (20/48) of tissue, pleural effusion, CSF and plasma samples, respectively. The most frequent co-occurring alterations were TP53 (100%, 95%) and EGFR (100%, 93%) in both SCLC-T group and non-transformed group. Besides, mutations involving in the PI3K pathway were often detected: PIK3CA (57%, 20%), AKT (43%, 10%), PTEN (14%, 15%), MET (14%, 15%), NTRK1 (14%, 13%). Notably, RB1 also co-occurred with ALK fusion (1/47). Moreover, SCLC-T group harbored significant higher frequency of RB1 mutation compared with non-transformed group. Conclusions: RB1 mutations in NSCLC are associated with a trend toward SCLC-T, and the mechanisms may be increased frequency of RB1 mutations and co-occurring similar molecular alterations to those in SCLC.

 
Other Abstracts in this Sub-Category:

 

1. Association of STK11/LKB1 genomic alterations with lack of benefit from the addition of pembrolizumab to platinum doublet chemotherapy in non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer.

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 102 First Author: Ferdinandos Skoulidis
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

2. Real-world outcomes of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (aNSCLC) and autoimmune disease (AD) receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 110 First Author: Sean Khozin
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

3. RELAY: A multinational, double-blind, randomized Phase 3 study of erlotinib (ERL) in combination with ramucirumab (RAM) or placebo (PL) in previously untreated patients with epidermal growth factor receptor mutation-positive (EGFRm) metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 9000 First Author: Kazuhiko Nakagawa
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

More...