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Publication-only abstracts (abstract number preceded by an "e"), published in conjunction with the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting but not presented at the Meeting, can be found online only.

The role of low dose aspirin, vitamin D, or metformin in EGFR, ALK, and ROS positive non-small cell lung cancer: A single institution retrospective analysis.

Sub-category:
Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Category:
Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic

Meeting:
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting

Abstract No:
e20656

Citation:
J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr e20656)

Author(s): Carolina Bernabe Ramirez, Sandhya Sharma, Jose G Sanchez-Escobar, Kevin M. Sullivan, Nagashree Seetharamu; Northwell Health, New York, NY; Northwell Health Monter Cancer Center, Lake Success, NY; Monter Cancer Center at Northwell Health, New York, NY; Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine, Lake Success, NY

Abstract Disclosures

Abstract:

Background: Tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) is the backbone therapy for EGFR, ALK and ROS positive (pos) non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Metformin has shown to sensitize EGFR resistant lung cancer cells in vitro through IL-6/STAT pathways. COX-2 overexpression triggers activation of a transcription factor that binds to EGFR that activates MAPK signaling pathway. Vitamin D receptor (VDR) has shown to directly inhibit EGFR transcriptional activity. Some studies have shown that adding metformin, aspirin and vitamin D (MAD) to chemotherapy may improve progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in lung cancer. However, data supporting use of MAD is unknown in EGFR, ALK and ROS pos NSCLC. Methods: Patients (pts) with EGFR, ALK, ROS pos NSCLC treated with first line TKI from January 2014 to June 2017 were included. Information on concurrent use of MAD was obtained. Patients were dichotomized based on use of these individual supportive medications. Two sample t-test was used to compare mean PFS and chi-square test to compare proportions of disease control rate (DCR) at 3 months between groups. Results: 74 patients were included. Vitamin D supplementation (n = 38, 51.3%) prolonged PFS by 16 m vs 11 m (p = 0.04; 95%CI 0.23 to 9.34). For those on aspirin (n = 23, 35%), mean PFS was 16m vs 12.5 m (p = 0.72; 95% CI -5.58to 3.88). Mean PFS for pts on metformin (n = 8, 10%) was 14 months (m) vs 13.5 m for those who were not (p = 0.93, 95% CI -7.27 to 7.87). DCR for metformin use was 26.5% vs 89% (p = 0.0001); for aspirin was 50% vs 65% (p = 0.17) and for vitamin D 48.6% vs 43.7% (p = 0.69). Conclusions: To our knowledge, no data has been published regarding use of MAD in NSCLC with driver mutations. In our study, concurrent use of vitamin D with TKI prolonged PFS in these pts. However, this effect was not seen with metformin or aspirin. Our study was limited by retrospective design, possible under-reporting of medication use by patients and small patient population. Further prospective studies using these medications is important to evaluate the synergistic benefit with the approved targeted therapy.

 
Other Abstracts in this Sub-Category:

 

1. Association of STK11/LKB1 genomic alterations with lack of benefit from the addition of pembrolizumab to platinum doublet chemotherapy in non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer.

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 102 First Author: Ferdinandos Skoulidis
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

2. Real-world outcomes of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (aNSCLC) and autoimmune disease (AD) receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 110 First Author: Sean Khozin
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

3. RELAY: A multinational, double-blind, randomized Phase 3 study of erlotinib (ERL) in combination with ramucirumab (RAM) or placebo (PL) in previously untreated patients with epidermal growth factor receptor mutation-positive (EGFRm) metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 9000 First Author: Kazuhiko Nakagawa
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

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