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Publication-only abstracts (abstract number preceded by an "e"), published in conjunction with the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting but not presented at the Meeting, can be found online only.

Health care utilization associated with adverse events (AEs) among metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (mNSCLC) patients treated with immunotherapy or chemotherapy.

Sub-category:
Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Category:
Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic

Meeting:
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting

Abstract No:
e20655

Citation:
J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr e20655)

Author(s): Nicole Engel-Nitz, Kellie Ryan, Michael P Johnson, Scott Bunner; Optum, Eden Prairie, MN; AstraZeneca, Gaithersburg, MD

Abstract Disclosures

Abstract:

Background: Chemotherapy and immunotherapy (IO) are associated with increased overall survival in patients with mNSCLC, yet real-world data on AE-associated healthcare utilization are sparse. This study assessed incidence and utilization associated with AEs among patients initiating first-line treatment for mNSCLC with IO, IO with chemotherapy (IC), or chemotherapy alone (CH). Methods: Data were claims from commercial and Medicare Advantage patients (Jan 2008-Feb 2018). Inclusion criteria were mNSCLC, health plan enrollment for ≥6 months pre- (baseline) and ≥1 month post-index date; initiation of recommended systemic therapy for mNSCLC. Excluded were targeted or small-cell lung cancer therapy, and baseline surgery or other systemic therapy. AE incidence and healthcare utilization were measured from start of 1st line therapy until earliest of start of 2nd line therapy or 180 days. AEs evaluated included hematologic, GI, endocrine, infections, infusion reactions, muscle, neurological, and respiratory. Results: Cohorts were 8,818 CH, 482 IO, and 412 IC. Mean age was older for IO (72 yrs, vs. 69 IC, 68 CH; P < 0.001). IOs used were atezolizumab (n = 12), nivolumab (n = 148), and pembrolizumab (n = 673). Common chemotherapies were carboplatin (74%), pemetrexed (30%), and paclitaxel or etoposide (22%). Overall, 74% had ≥1 AE; incidence rate ratios (IRR) vs. IO (95% CI) were IC 1.36 (1.15-1.60) and CH 1.43 (1.28-1.61). Frequent AEs were blood conditions (43%), GI (32%), and infections (29%). IRR vs. IO included infections (1.94 CH), GI (1.71 IC, 1.90 CH), anemia (4.05 IC, 5.68 CH), leukopenia (5.69 IC, 22.28 CH), and thrombocytopenia (3.70 CH). CH had lower rates vs. IO for hyperthyroidism (2% IO; IRR 0.16 CH) and hypothyroidism (12% IO; IRR 0.19 CH). AE overlaps with infection were common; 61% of patients with infection had a hospitalization that involved both infection and another AE. AE-associated visits varied by cohort; ambulatory: 46% (IO), 50% IC, 61% CH; ER: 25% IO, 27% IC, 30% CH; inpatient: 29% IO, 35% IC, 37% CH (P < 0.05 for all CH vs IO). Conclusions: AE-associated visits in mNSCLC were lower for IO-treated than for CH or IC-treated patients.

 
Other Abstracts in this Sub-Category:

 

1. Association of STK11/LKB1 genomic alterations with lack of benefit from the addition of pembrolizumab to platinum doublet chemotherapy in non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer.

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 102 First Author: Ferdinandos Skoulidis
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

2. Real-world outcomes of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (aNSCLC) and autoimmune disease (AD) receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 110 First Author: Sean Khozin
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

3. RELAY: A multinational, double-blind, randomized Phase 3 study of erlotinib (ERL) in combination with ramucirumab (RAM) or placebo (PL) in previously untreated patients with epidermal growth factor receptor mutation-positive (EGFRm) metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 9000 First Author: Kazuhiko Nakagawa
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

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