Best of ASCO - 2014 Annual Meeting

 

Welcome

Publication-only abstracts (abstract number preceded by an "e"), published in conjunction with the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting but not presented at the Meeting, can be found online only.

Landscape of lung cancer molecular biology in a NON-selected population.

Sub-category:
Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Category:
Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic

Meeting:
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting

Abstract No:
e20648

Citation:
J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr e20648)

Author(s): Rosa Ana Marcos, Jaime Ceballos, Elena Filipovich, Jose Maria Mazarico, Raquel Tur, Maria Rocio Martin, Jose Ales-Martinez; Oncology Department, Avila, Spain; Oncology Department, Ávila, Spain; Pathology Department, Ávila, Spain; Pathology Department, Avila, Spain; Complejo Asistencial de Ávila, Ávila, Spain

Abstract Disclosures

Abstract:

Background: The molecular study of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) allows for targeted treatment. EGFR and ALK alterations have been observed in 14% and 5% of Caucasian patients (p) respectively. These alterations are mainly detected in women with adenocarcinoma (ADC) and non-smokers. In a non-selected (all comers) NSCLC population from Ávila (Spain) we found a different profile. Methods: We collected data from 185 consecutive p the Pathology Department database of Hospital Nuestra Señora de Sonsoles from 2012 to 2017. All p were tested for EGFR and ALK. Analyses were done with Cobas or Therascreen tests. Results: EGFR mutations were found in 11 p out of 185 (6.7%). Histology was ADC in 8 p (72.7%) and squamous cell carcinoma (SC) in 3 p (27.3%). Male (m) & smokers: 4/11 (36,4%). The type of mutation was: Exon 20: 3 p (27.3%). 2 m and 1 female (f). 2 smokers and 1 former smoker. 2 ADC and 1 SC; Del 19: 4 p (36.4%). 1 m and 3 f. 1 non-smoker, 2 former smokers and 1 smoker. 3 ADC and 1 SC; Exon 21: 4 p (36,4%). 2 m and 2 f. 3 non-smokers and 1 smoker. 3 ADC and 1 SC.

All p. received treatment with 1st generation anti-EGFR drugs for a median 6.4 months (m). Progression Free Survival was 6.39 m (exon 20: 5.1 m; Del 19: 6.5 m; exon 21: 7.2 m). Overall survival was 18.0 m (exon 20: 26.1 m; Del 19: 18.2 m; exon 21: 11.8 m). ALK translocation was found in 5 p out of 158 (3.2%). Histology was ADC in 3 p (60%) (all f, 2 non-smokers and 1 former smoker) and SC in 2 p (40%) (2 smoker m.) Conclusions: Although the small sample size prevents definitive conclusions, EGFR mutations in exon 20 are more frequent in smokers and mutations in exon 21 in non-smoking patients with ADC. ALK translocation was observed independent of sex, tobacco or histologic type. For EGFR and ALK alterations, screening based on sex or pathology would have missed findings with therapeutic implications. We conclude it is important to extend the analysis of molecular alterations to all patients with NSCLC since more of them could benefit from targeted drugs.

Clinical characteristics of lung cancer patients.

UNCOMMON EGFR MUTATIONSCOMMON EGFR MUTATIONSp, Fisher’s exact test
Median age (y) (range)66 (57-75)69 (55-87)
Female150.05
Male23
Ever smoker340.05
Non-smoker04
ADC260.05
SC12
PFS / OS (m)5.2/26.16.8/15.0

 
Other Abstracts in this Sub-Category:

 

1. Association of STK11/LKB1 genomic alterations with lack of benefit from the addition of pembrolizumab to platinum doublet chemotherapy in non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer.

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 102 First Author: Ferdinandos Skoulidis
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

2. Real-world outcomes of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (aNSCLC) and autoimmune disease (AD) receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 110 First Author: Sean Khozin
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

3. RELAY: A multinational, double-blind, randomized Phase 3 study of erlotinib (ERL) in combination with ramucirumab (RAM) or placebo (PL) in previously untreated patients with epidermal growth factor receptor mutation-positive (EGFRm) metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 9000 First Author: Kazuhiko Nakagawa
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

More...