2019 ASCO Annual Meeting!
Session: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic
Type: Poster Session
Time: Sunday June 2, 8:00 AM to 11:00 AM
Location: Hall A
Quantification of circulating free and circulating tumor DNA in pretreated EGFR mutant NSCLC to inform patient outcomes.
Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting
Poster Board Number:
Poster Session (Board #403)
J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr 9080)
Author(s): Alexandra Pender, Curtis Hughesman, Elaine Law, Amadea Kristanti, Kelly McNeil, Tracy Tucker, Ian Bosdet, Sean Young, Janessa J. Laskin, Aly Karsan, Stephen Yip, Cheryl Ho; British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver, BC, Canada; Department of Pathology, BC Cancer Agency and University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada; BC Cancer, Vancouver, BC, Canada; BC Cancer Agency, Vancouver, BC, Canada
Background: EGFR T790M testing is standard of care for EGFR mutant (EGFRm) NSCLC progressing on 1st/2nd generation TKIs to select patients for osimertinib. Circulating free DNA (cfDNA) levels are measured prior to circulating tumour DNA (ctDNA) testing using droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) to measure activating/resistant EGFR mutations. We reviewed cfDNA levels and ctDNA mutational status to determine the influence on patient outcome. Methods: Following extraction of cfDNA from plasma using the QIAamp Circulating Nucleic Acid Kit, cfDNA levels are measured with a Qubit 2.0 Fluorometer. Custom ddPCR assays were used to test for the appropriate EGFR activating mutation and the EGFR T790M resistance mutation using the Bio-Rad QX200 system. The custom designed ddPCR assays have a limit of detection of < 0.1% variant allele fraction. All patients undergoing ctDNA testing from February-December 2018 were identified. Baseline characteristics and follow up data were collected retrospectively. OS was calculated from date of metastatic diagnosis to death/last follow-up. Results: 142 patients with EGFR mutant adenocarcinoma had EGFR ctDNA testing: results 52% indeterminant, 32% T790M, 16% activating EGFRm only. At the time of testing: median age 66, 64% female, 57% never smokers 53% Asian; systemic treatment (tx) 62% first line only, 25% two lines and 13% ≥ three lines. First TKI therapy: 32% afatanib, 66% gefitinib, 2% erlotinib. Median cfDNA concentration was 5.65 ng/ml (range 0.50-217.72). The 5 yr OS was 72% below cfDNA median and 25% above the median. Tx after ctDNA testing for below and above cfDNA median: 52 vs 33% original TKI, 34 vs 55% osimertinib, 14 vs 12% other systemic tx. Multivariate analysis shows that even accounting for age, sex and ctDNA mutation result, cfDNA concentration remains an independent predictor of outcome (HR 2.36, 95% CI 1.08-5.18, p = 0.032). Conclusions: cfDNA concentration can predict patient outcome in patients with EGFR mutant NSCLC progressing on TKI regardless of ctDNA testing results. Clinicians may consider switching to chemotherapy for patients with high cfDNA and without detectable EGFRT790M ctDNA to avoid missing the window for therapy instead of awaiting repeat EGFR T790M testing