Publication-only abstracts (abstract number preceded by an "e"), published in conjunction with the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting but not presented at the Meeting, can be found online only.
Neutrophils lymphocyte ratio role in predicting response to checkpoint inhibitors in metastatic non-small lung cancer.
Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting
J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr e20646)
Author(s): Hosam Hakim, Ahmed Abdalla, Tarik H. Hadid; St John Hospital, Detroit, MI; Ascension St John, Flint, MI; St. John Hospital and Medical Center, Detroit, MI
Background: There have been numerous advances in the management of metastatic lung cancer, including targeted therapy against certain mutations in cancer cells and later developing immune therapy with check point inhibitors.From the pre-immune therapy era, a simple blood test allowing the calculation of the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) was established as a strong prognostic marker associated with worse overall survival (OS) in several tumor types including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: We have retrospectively reviewed electronic medical records for patients with Metastatic NSCLC whom received at least one dose of Checkpoint Inhibitors from January 2014 till January 2019 in Van Eslander Cancer Center.The analysis was done using SPSS v. 25.0 and a p-value of 0.05 or less was considered to indicate statistical significance. A univariant analysis was done using Student’s t-test, the Mann-Whitney U test and the chi-squared test. Survival analysis was conducted using Kaplan Meier methodology as well as Cox proportional hazards models. Results: There were 80 patients with metastatic NSCLC received at least one dose of a checkpoint inhibitor. Median age was 63.9 ± 9.3; Males were 45%; Whites were 62.5%. 67.5% of patient had adenocarcinoma and 24% had squamous cell carcinoma. Twenty patients had brain metastasis (25%) and nineteen patients had liver metastasis (24.6%). Eleven patients (13.8%) had PDL-1 greater than 50% and 11 patients (13.8%) had PDL-1 between 1%-50% and 22 patients (27.5%) had negative PD-L1 status. 18.8% received immunotherapy as a first-line treatment and 65% got immunotherapy on their second line and 16.3% had immunotherapy as the third line of treatment or more. Sixty-one patients (76.2%) received Nivolumab and nineteen patients (23.8%) received pembrolizumab. Mean duration of immunotherapy was 13.7 months ± 20.7. Mean NLR was 6.1 ± 5. Patient with NLR > 5:1 had statistically significant higher progression-free survival (PFS) 27.5 months compared to 12 months P = 0.02. Also, Patients with baseline NLR > 5:1 had a trend toward higher median overall survival (OS) but was not statistically significant 41 months compared to 12 months P = 0.08. Conclusions: Our data showed similar finding to Bagley et al and other retrospective analysis from multiple institutes showing that NLR could be a good predictor of response to checkpoint inhibitors And a cutoff of NLR higher than 5.1 was associated with statistically significant better PFS and a trend towards a better OS.