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Publication-only abstracts (abstract number preceded by an "e"), published in conjunction with the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting but not presented at the Meeting, can be found online only.

Neutrophils lymphocyte ratio role in predicting response to checkpoint inhibitors in metastatic non-small lung cancer.

Sub-category:
Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Category:
Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic

Meeting:
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting

Abstract No:
e20646

Citation:
J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr e20646)

Author(s): Hosam Hakim, Ahmed Abdalla, Tarik H. Hadid; St John Hospital, Detroit, MI; Ascension St John, Flint, MI; St. John Hospital and Medical Center, Detroit, MI

Abstract Disclosures

Abstract:

Background: There have been numerous advances in the management of metastatic lung cancer, including targeted therapy against certain mutations in cancer cells and later developing immune therapy with check point inhibitors.From the pre-immune therapy era, a simple blood test allowing the calculation of the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) was established as a strong prognostic marker associated with worse overall survival (OS) in several tumor types including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: We have retrospectively reviewed electronic medical records for patients with Metastatic NSCLC whom received at least one dose of Checkpoint Inhibitors from January 2014 till January 2019 in Van Eslander Cancer Center.The analysis was done using SPSS v. 25.0 and a p-value of 0.05 or less was considered to indicate statistical significance. A univariant analysis was done using Student’s t-test, the Mann-Whitney U test and the chi-squared test. Survival analysis was conducted using Kaplan Meier methodology as well as Cox proportional hazards models. Results: There were 80 patients with metastatic NSCLC received at least one dose of a checkpoint inhibitor. Median age was 63.9 ± 9.3; Males were 45%; Whites were 62.5%. 67.5% of patient had adenocarcinoma and 24% had squamous cell carcinoma. Twenty patients had brain metastasis (25%) and nineteen patients had liver metastasis (24.6%). Eleven patients (13.8%) had PDL-1 greater than 50% and 11 patients (13.8%) had PDL-1 between 1%-50% and 22 patients (27.5%) had negative PD-L1 status. 18.8% received immunotherapy as a first-line treatment and 65% got immunotherapy on their second line and 16.3% had immunotherapy as the third line of treatment or more. Sixty-one patients (76.2%) received Nivolumab and nineteen patients (23.8%) received pembrolizumab. Mean duration of immunotherapy was 13.7 months ± 20.7. Mean NLR was 6.1 ± 5. Patient with NLR > 5:1 had statistically significant higher progression-free survival (PFS) 27.5 months compared to 12 months P = 0.02. Also, Patients with baseline NLR > 5:1 had a trend toward higher median overall survival (OS) but was not statistically significant 41 months compared to 12 months P = 0.08. Conclusions: Our data showed similar finding to Bagley et al and other retrospective analysis from multiple institutes showing that NLR could be a good predictor of response to checkpoint inhibitors And a cutoff of NLR higher than 5.1 was associated with statistically significant better PFS and a trend towards a better OS.

 
Other Abstracts in this Sub-Category:

 

1. Association of STK11/LKB1 genomic alterations with lack of benefit from the addition of pembrolizumab to platinum doublet chemotherapy in non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer.

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 102 First Author: Ferdinandos Skoulidis
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

2. Real-world outcomes of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (aNSCLC) and autoimmune disease (AD) receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 110 First Author: Sean Khozin
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

3. RELAY: A multinational, double-blind, randomized Phase 3 study of erlotinib (ERL) in combination with ramucirumab (RAM) or placebo (PL) in previously untreated patients with epidermal growth factor receptor mutation-positive (EGFRm) metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 9000 First Author: Kazuhiko Nakagawa
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

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