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Publication-only abstracts (abstract number preceded by an "e"), published in conjunction with the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting but not presented at the Meeting, can be found online only.

Adoption of immuno-oncology in NSCLC, a real-world study in EU5.

Sub-category:
Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Category:
Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic

Meeting:
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting

Abstract No:
e20631

Citation:
J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr e20631)

Author(s): Alejandra Martinez De Pinillos, Isabel Ricote Lobera, Cristina Martinez, Caroline Anger, Filippo Guglielmetti, Roberto Jorge Bitton; IQVIA, London, United Kingdom; IQVIA, Madrid, Spain; IQVIA, Milan, Italy; IQVIA, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Abstract Disclosures

Abstract:

Background: To date, there are no robust studies in real world practice describing the use of IO (immuno-oncology) treatments in advanced/metastatic (adv/m) NSCLC. The available evidence in Europe is limited to observational studies of small size. This study aims to understand the impact of IO in adv/mNSCLC and study the profile of patients currently receiving these treatments. Methods: 20,157 cases of 1st and 2nd line adv/mNSCLC patients between October 2016 and September 2018 in EU5 (France, Germany, Spain, Italy, UK) were identified within Oncology Dynamics, an IQVIA oncology syndicated cross sectional survey collecting anonymized patient-level data. Patient profile was described, and two groups were created to assess differences in the use of IO treatments (nivolumab, pembrolizumab, atezolizumab, ipilimumab, durvalumab) across 2 time periods: #1 October 2016 - September 2017 (n = 9,310); #2 October 2017 - September 2018 (n = 10,847). Results: IO treatments increased 15% in 1st line adv/mNSCLC (13% in non-squamous and 23% in squamous histology) and 11% in 2nd line across periods; reaching treatment shares of 20.3% and 67.9% in 1st line and 2nd line in Period 2. Within IO-treated patients, 9.5% in 1st line and 13.6% in 2nd line had ECOG ≥2, and 27% were > 71 years old. The use of IO in 1st line patients without mutations (EGFR/ALK/ROS1/BRAF) increased by 24%, while standard chemotherapy decreased by 21%. Conclusions: IO treatments had a rapid adoption in Europe last year, influenced by its approval in 1st line adv/mNSCLC and by clinical guidelines recommendations. Ongoing clinical trials may suggest a growing trend in the future that could potentially impact in healthcare systems. In addition, real world patients treated with IO are older and have a worse performance status than those widely included in clinical trials. An evaluation of these results sheds light into IO treatments in NSCLC and may contribute to the design of real-world studies to generate new evidence and optimize the use of these class of drugs in clinical practice.

adv/mNSCLCPeriod 1
(n = 9,310)
Period 2
(n = 10,847)
n (%)n (%)
IO in 1st line369 (5.1)1,703 (20.3)
Non-mutated357 (4.9)1,671 (19.9)
Mutated12 (0.2)32 (0.4)
Others in 1st line6,856 (94,9)6,674 (79.7)
IO in 2nd line1,183 (56.7)1,677 (67.9)
Non-mutated1,157 (55.5)1,635 (66.2)
Mutated26 (1.2)42 (1.7)
Others in 2nd line902 (43.3)793 (32.1)

 
Other Abstracts in this Sub-Category:

 

1. Association of STK11/LKB1 genomic alterations with lack of benefit from the addition of pembrolizumab to platinum doublet chemotherapy in non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer.

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 102 First Author: Ferdinandos Skoulidis
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

2. Real-world outcomes of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (aNSCLC) and autoimmune disease (AD) receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 110 First Author: Sean Khozin
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

3. RELAY: A multinational, double-blind, randomized Phase 3 study of erlotinib (ERL) in combination with ramucirumab (RAM) or placebo (PL) in previously untreated patients with epidermal growth factor receptor mutation-positive (EGFRm) metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 9000 First Author: Kazuhiko Nakagawa
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

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