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Attend this session at the
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting!

Session: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic

Type: Poster Session

Time: Sunday June 2, 8:00 AM to 11:00 AM

Location: Hall A

Time-to-treatment discontinuation (TTD) and real-world progression-free survival (rwPFS) as endpoints for comparative efficacy analysis between entrectinib trial and crizotinib real-world ROS1 fusion-positive (ROS1+) NSCLC patients.

Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic

2019 ASCO Annual Meeting

Abstract No:

Poster Board Number:
Poster Session (Board #393)

J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr 9070)

Author(s): Robert Charles Doebele, Laura Perez, Huong Trinh, Michael Martinec, Reynaldo Martina, Todd Riehl, Matthew Krebs, Neal J. Meropol, William Bruce Wong, Gracy Crane; University of Colorado, Denver, CO; F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd, Basel, Switzerland; Genentech, South San Francisco, CA; University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom; Division of Cancer Sciences, The University of Manchester and The Christie NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, United Kingdom; Flatiron Health, New York, NY; F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd, Welwyn Garden City, United Kingdom

Abstract Disclosures


Background: Entrectinib is an oral tyrosine kinase inhibitor for ROS1+ NSCLC. Three phase 1/2 single-arm studies showed entrectinib efficacy in this population (Doebele WCLC 2018). Due to the rarity of ROS1+ pts generating direct comparative evidence in prospective randomized trials is difficult. We identified a retrospective real-world cohort of ROS1+ NSCLC pts from electronic health records (EHR), to compare crizotinib, the current standard of care, to entrectinib as reported in clinical trials. Methods: Crizotinib-treated pts with advanced ROS1+ NSCLC diagnosed 1 Jan 2011 to 30 Jun 2018, were identified with technology-enabled abstraction in the Flatiron Health EHR-derived database ( > 2.1 million cancer pts from US oncology practice). Entrectinib trial inclusion/exclusion criteria were applied to match the crizotinib cohort as closely as possible. Primary endpoint: TTD, adapted from Gong (ASCO 2018); rwPFS (physician/scan report) and OS were secondary outcomes. Time-to-event analyses used Kaplan-Meier survival curves and Cox proportional hazard models on propensity score weighted populations; age, gender, race/ethnicity, smoking status, brain metastasis and previous lines of therapy were prognostic factors. Results: We analyzed 53 entrectinib and 69 crizotinib ROS1+ NSCLC pts. Median weighted TTD: entrectinib, 14.6 mo (95% CI: 8.3–23.8); crizotinib, 8.8 mo (95% CI: 8.2–9.9). When rwPFS from crizotinib was compared to trial PFS, entrectinib had longer PFS vs crizotinib (weighted HR: 0.44; 95% CI: 0.27–0.74). Median OS with entrectinib was not reached (median follow-up: 15.5 mo); weighted median OS with crizotinib was 18.5 mo (95% CI: 15.1–19.9). Findings were consistent across multiple sensitivity analyses. Conclusions: Entrectinib was associated with longer TTD and PFS in ROS1+ NSCLC pts vs a matched real-world crizotinib population. Control populations derived from real-world cohorts can supplement evidence from clinical trials in settings where new standards of care are needed, but where only limited data are available and randomization is not feasible.

Other Abstracts in this Sub-Category:


1. Association of STK11/LKB1 genomic alterations with lack of benefit from the addition of pembrolizumab to platinum doublet chemotherapy in non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer.

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 102 First Author: Ferdinandos Skoulidis
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer


2. Real-world outcomes of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (aNSCLC) and autoimmune disease (AD) receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 110 First Author: Sean Khozin
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer


3. RELAY: A multinational, double-blind, randomized Phase 3 study of erlotinib (ERL) in combination with ramucirumab (RAM) or placebo (PL) in previously untreated patients with epidermal growth factor receptor mutation-positive (EGFRm) metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 9000 First Author: Kazuhiko Nakagawa
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer