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Publication-only abstracts (abstract number preceded by an "e"), published in conjunction with the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting but not presented at the Meeting, can be found online only.

Clinical outcomes of NSCLC patients with acquired RET rearrangement after resistance to osimertinib.

Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic

2019 ASCO Annual Meeting

Abstract No:

J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr e20626)

Author(s): Chang Lu, Jia-Tao Cheng, Jin Kang, Yi-Hui Yao, Xiang-Meng Li, Xuchao Zhang, Qing Zhou, Hai-Yan Tu, Yi-Long Wu, Jin-Ji Yang; Guangdong Lung Cancer Institute, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital and Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou, China

Abstract Disclosures


Background: Resistance mechanisms to osimertinib have raised growing concerns, but those with acquired RET rearrangement is poorly characterized. Methods: We retrospectively identified advanced, EGFR-mutant NSCLC (non-small-cell lung cancer) patients treated with osimertinib between April 9th, 2015 and November 1st, 2018 at our institute. Clinicopathologic features and clinical outcomes were analyzed. Subsequent genetic profiling was performed at the time of progression by next-generation sequencing (NGS). Overall survival (OS) since 1st line treatment was calculated from first-line treatment start to death or last follow up, and OS post-progression was calculated from osimertinib progression. Median follow-up time was 43.4 months. Results: In the 192 patients treated with osimertinib, 57 had follow-up NGS information after progression, and six harboured acquired RET rearrangement (11%, 6/57). For patients with RET rearrangements when progressed on osimertinib, OS since 1st line treatment (22.9m vs 59.5m, P = 0.021) and OS post-progression (2.1m vs 10.0m, P = 0.031) were significantly shorter compared with non-RET-rearranged cases, whereas no significant difference was found in demographics at the initial lung cancer diagnosis or progression-free survival (PFS) of osimertinib (12.1m vs 5.8m, P = 0.34). Among these six patients, one received best supportive care, two continued to use drugs targeting EGFR but deteriorating soon, three patients tried osimertinib combined with cabozantinib with one benefit from this combination approach. Conclusions:RET rearrangements could exist in EGFR-mutant NSCLC with acquired resistance to osimertinib and linked to inferior survival. Study on the molecular evolution and heterogeneity during treatment course are warranted for further therapeutic strategies.

Demographics of the study population.

Non-RET-rearrangement at Progression (n = 51)RET-rearrangement at Progression (n = 6)P-value
Age at Dx (years)
Male19 (37.3%)1 (16.7%)0.584
Female32 (62.7&)5 (83.3%)
0-141 (80.4%)4 (66.7%)1
2-46 (11.8%)1 (16.7%)
Histology at Dx
Adenocarcinoma50 (98.0%)6 (100%)1
Adenosquamous carcinoma1 (2.0%)0 (0%)

Other Abstracts in this Sub-Category:


1. Association of STK11/LKB1 genomic alterations with lack of benefit from the addition of pembrolizumab to platinum doublet chemotherapy in non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer.

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 102 First Author: Ferdinandos Skoulidis
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer


2. Real-world outcomes of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (aNSCLC) and autoimmune disease (AD) receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 110 First Author: Sean Khozin
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer


3. RELAY: A multinational, double-blind, randomized Phase 3 study of erlotinib (ERL) in combination with ramucirumab (RAM) or placebo (PL) in previously untreated patients with epidermal growth factor receptor mutation-positive (EGFRm) metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 9000 First Author: Kazuhiko Nakagawa
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer