2019 ASCO Annual Meeting!
Session: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic
Type: Oral Abstract Session
Time: Monday June 3, 8:00 AM to 11:00 AM
Location: Hall B1
Phase III randomized trial comparing gefitinib to gefitinib with pemetrexed-carboplatin chemotherapy in patients with advanced untreated EGFR mutant non-small cell lung cancer (gef vs gef+C).
Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting
J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr 9001)
Author(s): Vanita Noronha, Amit Joshi, Vijay Maruti Patil, Anuradha Chougule, Abhishek Mahajan, Amit Janu, Nilendu Purandare, Rajiv Kumar, Sucheta More, Supriya Goud, Nandkumar Kadam, Nilesh Daware, Srushti Shah, Akanksha Yadav, Amit Dutt, Vaishakhi Trivedi, Vichitra Behel, Shripad Dinanath Banavali, Kumar Prabhash; Tata Memorial Centre, Mumbai, India; Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, India; Gunvati J Kapoor Medical Relief Charitable Foundation, Mumbai, India; Tata Memorial Center, Mumbai, India; Advanced Centre for Treatment, Research and Education in Cancer, Navi Mumbai, India
Background: Standard first-line therapy for EGFR mutant advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is an EGFR-directed oral TKI. We evaluated whether adding pemetrexed-carboplatin to oral TKI would improve outcomes. Methods: Phase III randomized trial in advanced chemotherapy-naïve NSCLC harboring EGFR sensitizing mutation (exon 19, 21 or 18) with performance status (PS) 0 to 2 planned for palliative therapy. Patients were stratified for PS and EGFR mutation and randomly assigned (computer-generated randomization by independent biostatistician) 1:1 to gefitinib 250 mg orally daily (gef) or gefitinib 250 mg orally daily with pemetrexed 500 mg/m2 IV and carboplatin AUC 5 IV every 3 weeks for 4 cycles, followed by maintenance pemetrexed 500 mg/m2 IV every 3 weeks (gef+C). Restaging was every 2 to 3 mths; therapy continued until progression or intolerable toxicity. Primary end point was progression-free survival (PFS); secondary end points included overall survival (OS), toxicity and response rate. Survival endpoints were assessed in the intention-to-treat population. Results: Between Aug 2016 and Aug 2018, 350 patients were randomly assigned to gef (n = 177) and gef+C (n = 173). Median age was 54 yrs, 48% were females, 84% never-smokers, 21% were PS 2 and 18% had brain metastases. Median follow-up in surviving patients was 17 months (range, 7 to 30). Radiologic response rates were 81% and 69% in gef+C and gef respectively, P = 0.012. 234 patients (67%) have had events for PFS, 98 in gef+C and 136 in gef. Estimated median PFS was significantly longer with gef+C than gef (16 months, [95% CI, 13.7 to 18.3] vs. 8 months [95% CI, 7.1 to 8.9]; hazard ratio for disease progression or death, 0.5; 95% CI, 0.39 to 0.65; P < 0.001). 120 patients (34%) have died, 42 in gef+C and 78 in gef. Estimated median OS was significantly longer with gef+C than gef (not reached vs. 18 months [95% CI, 14.28 to 21.72]; hazard ratio for death, 0.45; 95% CI, 0.31 to 0.66; P < 0.001). Clinically relevant ≥ grade 3 toxicities occurred in 51% and 25% of patients in gef+C and gef arms respectively, P < 0.001. Conclusion: Adding pemetrexed-carboplatin chemotherapy to gefitinib significantly prolonged progression free and overall survival but also increased toxicity. Pemetrexed-carboplatin-gefitinib represents a new standard first-line therapy for EGFR mutant NSCLC. Clinical trial information: CTRI/2016/08/007149.