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Publication-only abstracts (abstract number preceded by an "e"), published in conjunction with the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting but not presented at the Meeting, can be found online only.

Does the extent of brain metastasis affect outcome of non-small cell lung cancer patients treated with chemotherapy?

Sub-category:
Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Category:
Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic

Meeting:
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting

Abstract No:
e20616

Citation:
J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr e20616)

Author(s): Yong Won Choi, Mi Sun Ahn, Hyun Woo Lee, Seok Yun Kang, Jin-Hyuk Choi; Department of Hematology-Oncology, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, South Korea

Abstract Disclosures

Abstract:

Background: More than one third of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients (pts) experience brain metastases in the course of their disease. Although the outcome of NSCLC pts with brain metastasis is generally poor, identifying subgroups of pts that could benefit from appropriate therapeutic approach is clinically important, particularly in EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) era. Methods: A retrospective review was conducted on 85 NSCLC pts with synchronous brain metastasis who underwent at least first-line chemotherapy, after treatment (Tx) for brain metastasis (gamma knife surgery or fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy : 42, whole brain radiation therapy : 38, surgical resection : 1, and no Tx : 4) from Jan 2002 to Dec 2013. Overall survival (OS) of all pts was analyzed according to the clinicopathological characteristics, Tx modality for brain metastasis, and chemotherapy. Results: The median OS for all pts after the initiation of first-line chemotherapy was 9 months. In univariate analysis, pts who received TKI (13 months versus 6 months, p= 0.001) and third- or further-line chemotherapy (15 months versus 6 months, p< 0.001) had significantly longer median OS. The presence of extracranial extrathoracic metastasis, number of brain metastasis, and Tx modality for brain metastasis showed no significant association with OS. In multivariate analysis, third- or further-line chemotherapy (24 pts) was the only independent prognostic factor for favorable OS (p< 0.001). Pts who underwent third- or further-line chemotherapy were characterized by high proportion of non-squamous histology (p= 0.016), extracranial extrathoracic metastasis (p= 0.015), and TKI Tx (p< 0.001). Conclusions: The present study suggests that judicious but active use of chemotherapy after appropriate Tx for brain metastasis may result in favorable outcome in NSCLC pts with synchronous brain metastasis, regardless of the number of brain metastatic lesions or local Tx modalities.

 
Other Abstracts in this Sub-Category:

 

1. Association of STK11/LKB1 genomic alterations with lack of benefit from the addition of pembrolizumab to platinum doublet chemotherapy in non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer.

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 102 First Author: Ferdinandos Skoulidis
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

2. Real-world outcomes of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (aNSCLC) and autoimmune disease (AD) receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 110 First Author: Sean Khozin
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

3. RELAY: A multinational, double-blind, randomized Phase 3 study of erlotinib (ERL) in combination with ramucirumab (RAM) or placebo (PL) in previously untreated patients with epidermal growth factor receptor mutation-positive (EGFRm) metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 9000 First Author: Kazuhiko Nakagawa
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

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