Publication-only abstracts (abstract number preceded by an "e"), published in conjunction with the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting but not presented at the Meeting, can be found online only.
Effect on tumor growth by TGF-β1/COX-2 siRNA combination product (STP705) in a human cholangiocarcinoma (HuCCT-1) xenograft tumor model in nude mice.
New Targets and New Technologies (non-IO)
Developmental Therapeutics and Tumor Biology (Nonimmuno)
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting
J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr e14652)
Author(s): Michael Molyneaux, John Xu, David M. Evans, Patrick Lu; Sirnaomics, Inc., Gaithersburg, MD; Sirnaomics, Inc., Gaitherburg, MD
Background: Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a hepatobiliary cancer and although there have been advances recently there is a need for additional treatment methods for patients. Over expressions of TGF-β1 and COX-2 have been reported to play key roles in tumorigenesis of CCA. We studied the effect of STP705 on the growth of HuCCT-1 xenograft tumors in nude mice. STP705 is a TGF-β1/COX-2 specific siRNA combination product formulated in Histidine-Lysine co-Polymer nanoparticle delivery system. Methods: HuCCT-1 xenograft tumors were implanted subcutaneously into 24 BALB/c nude female mice (n = 8/group). Group 1 received vehicle control, group 2 (low-dose) received 8µg of STP705, and group 3 (high-dose) received 16µg of STP705. Intratumoral test article administration and tumor volume measurements were conducted twice a week for 3-weeks. Qualitative analysis was performed on H&E, Picrosirius red (PSR) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) stained sections of tumor tissues. Results: High- and low- dose groups of STP705 reported significantly lower mean tumor volume at day 21 (p = 0.005 & p = 0.036, respectively) as compared to control group. High-dose group reported significantly lower tumor volume at days 11 (p = 0.042), 15 (p = 0.003), and 18 (p = 0.007) as compared to the control group. IHC assessment demonstrated that STP705-treated animals had significantly lower (H-score ± SEM) TGF-β1, COX-2, HSP70, Bcl-xL and MMP-9 staining (52±9, 39±4, 178±8, 25±7 & 7±1, respectively) as compared to control animals (94±11, 66±8, 213±7, 59±8 & 11±2, respectively – with p < 0.05). Assessment of Caspase-3 and H&E (necrosis and inflammation) slides reported higher mean score for STP705-treated animals, while PSR staining reported lower fibroplasia for STP705-treated animals as compared to the control animals. Conclusions: The data suggests that STP705-treatment suppresses TGF-β1 and COX-2 expression resulting in inhibition of (i) tumor cell survival, (ii) fibrosis, (iii) promotes apoptosis, and (iv)decreased invasiveness of tumor cells. Overall, STP705 is an innovative siRNA-based treatment that results in significant suppression of tumor growth in a HuCCT-1 xenograft mouse tumor model.
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