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Publication-only abstracts (abstract number preceded by an "e"), published in conjunction with the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting but not presented at the Meeting, can be found online only.

Clinical implications of monitoring circulating tumor DNA in early- and late-stage non-small cell lung cancer patients.

Sub-category:
Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Category:
Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic

Meeting:
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting

Abstract No:
e20607

Citation:
J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr e20607)

Author(s): Muyun Peng, Lihan Chin, Qi Huang, Wei Yin, Sichuang Tan, Chen Chen, Wenliang Liu, Jingqun Tang, Xiang Wang, Lientu Wang, Fenglei Yu; The Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha, China; Berry Oncology, Beijing, China; Department of Thoracic Surgery, The Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha, China

Abstract Disclosures

Abstract:

Background: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for about 85% of all lung cancers, and the most common types of NSCLC are squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, and large cell carcinoma. The development of noninvasive methods to monitor circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) continues to be a major challenge in NSCLC. Methods: We investigated if detection of ctDNA after resection of NSCLC identifies the patients with risk of relapse, and furthermore, informs about response to management.In this cohort study, high-throughput 168 target-gene capture technology and high-sensitivity circulating single molecule amplification and re-sequencing technology (cSMART) were used to detect the somatic mutations in tissues and plasma of patients with NSCLC, respectively. Moreover, ctDNA somatic mutations were used to monitor changes in minimal residual disease during a follow-up period. Results: A total of 169 patients with lung squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma were included. Detectable levels of ctDNA were present in 60.7% of patients with stage I and 68.8% of patients with late-stage. In patients not treated with adjuvant chemotherapy, ctDNA was detected preoperatively in 46 of 81 (56.8%) patients, 14 (30.4%) of whom had recurred at follow-up of 44 months; recurrence occurred in only 2 (5.7 %) of 35 patients with negative ctDNA. Serial ctDNA status changed from positive to negative during the initial phase of post operation in four patients. Then, ctDNA became positive again after 2 weeks to 3 months, all the four patients with relapse during the follow-up of 44 months. Conclusions: Detection of ctDNA supplies evidence of residual disease and identifies patients at risk of relapse. These observations have implications for the intervention of lung squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma patients.

 
Other Abstracts in this Sub-Category:

 

1. Association of STK11/LKB1 genomic alterations with lack of benefit from the addition of pembrolizumab to platinum doublet chemotherapy in non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer.

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 102 First Author: Ferdinandos Skoulidis
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

2. Real-world outcomes of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (aNSCLC) and autoimmune disease (AD) receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 110 First Author: Sean Khozin
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

3. RELAY: A multinational, double-blind, randomized Phase 3 study of erlotinib (ERL) in combination with ramucirumab (RAM) or placebo (PL) in previously untreated patients with epidermal growth factor receptor mutation-positive (EGFRm) metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 9000 First Author: Kazuhiko Nakagawa
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

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