2019 ASCO Annual Meeting!
Session: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic
Type: Poster Session
Time: Sunday June 2, 8:00 AM to 11:00 AM
Location: Hall A
Anti-PD-1/PD-L1 plus chemotherapy versus chemotherapy alone in first-line treatment for patients with metastatic NSCLC that were PD-L1 negative or less than 1%.
Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting
Poster Board Number:
Poster Session (Board #384)
J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr 9061)
Author(s): Thierry Landre, Gaetan Des Guetz, Kader Chouahnia, Cherifa Taleb, Alain Vergnenegre, Christos Chouaid; Hôpital René Muret, HUPSSD, UCOG 93 (APHP), Sevran, France; Service d'Oncologie Médicale, CHU Limoges, Limoges, France; CHU Avicenne, Bobigny, France; Hôpital René Muret, HUPSSD, Geriatric Oncology Unit (APHP), Sevran, France; Unite d'Oncologie Thoracique, Limoges, France; Centre Hospitalier Intercommunal (CHI) Creteil, Créteil, France
Background: Clinical efficacy of single agent anti-PD-1/PD-L1 in patients with Non-Small-Cell-Lung-Cancer (NSCLC) that were PD-L1 negative or < 1% is controversial. Recent studies have evaluated the combination of anti-PD-1/PD-L1 to chemotherapy (CT) for this population in the first line setting. Methods: We performed a meta-analysis (MA) of randomized trials that compared PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor plus CT with CT alone in first line of treatment for advanced NSCLC. The outcomes included overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS) and objective response rate (ORR) in patients with undetectable PD-L1 expression or < 1%. A fixed-effect or random-effects model was adopted depending on between-study heterogeneity. Results: Four studies evaluated atezolizumab + CT (IMpower 130,131,132 and 150), three studies pembrolizumab + CT (Keynote 021, 189 and 407) and one study evaluated nivolumab + CT (CheckMate 227). The eight eligible studies included 2037 patients (1246 with PD-L1 negative and 791 with PD-L1 expression < 1%). Most of the patients were men and smokers, with a median age of 64 years. There were 1423 Non-squamous (69.8 %) and 614 Squamous tumors (30%). The combination (PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor + CT) was significantly associated with improvement of OS (hazards ratio [HR], 0.75; 95% CI 0.63–0.89; p < 0.0001), PFS (HR, 0.72; 95% CI 0.65–0.80; p < 0.0001) and ORR (relative ratio [RR], 2.59; 95% CI 1.46–4.60; p < 0.0001). Moreover, median duration of response (DOR) was statistically longer with combination (8.1 months versus 4.9; p < 0.0008). Conclusions: For patients with untreated NSCLC with low ( < 1%) or undetectable PD-L1 expression, the anti-PD-1/PD-L1 combination with chemotherapy, compared with chemotherapy alone, is associated with significantly improved OS, PFS, and ORR.