Publication-only abstracts (abstract number preceded by an "e"), published in conjunction with the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting but not presented at the Meeting, can be found online only.
Clinical predictors of efficacy for immune checkpoint inhibition in lung cancer patients.
Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting
J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr e20600)
Author(s): Shijia Zhang, Daniel Fellows Pease, Shilvi Joshi, Yucai Wang, Manish Patel; Division of Hematology, Oncology, and Transplantation, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN; Hennepin Healthcare, Minneapolis, MN; Children's Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN; Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN
Background: Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have changed the treatment paradigm of advanced NSCLC and SCLC. The populations in clinical trials generally were composed of patients (pts) with excellent performance status (PS), a minimal number of prior lines of therapy, and no history of (h/o) autoimmune disease (AD). The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the predictors of survival in less fit and more heavily pretreated lung cancer pts at our institution. Methods: Medical records of lung cancer pts who started single-agent ICI from 2015 to 2018 were reviewed for data collection. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were compared by age, PS, smoking, PD-L1 expression, brain metastasis, prior lines of systemic therapy, h/o AD, and immune-related adverse events (irAE). Results: We included 150 pts who received at least 1 dose of nivolumab, pembrolizumab, or atezolizumab (median age 66, range 36-92, 56% female, 89% NSCLC, 97% stage 4, 13% never smoker, 34% ECOG ≥ 2, 37% ≥ 2 prior lines of therapy, 29% developed irAE). The overall response rate was 30% and clinical benefit rate 51% (3% CR, 27% PR, 21% SD). The median PFS was 3.7 months (m) overall and 12.3 m for those with ≥ 4 cycles of therapy. The median OS was 12.4 m overall and 26.0 m for those with ≥ 4 cycles. The median PFS and OS were not significantly different by age, PS, smoking, PD-L1, brain metastasis, prior lines of therapy, or h/o AD. The median OS was longer for pts with ECOG 0-1 than those ≥ 2 (14.6 vs 7.5 m, p < .001). The median PFS and OS for pts with irAE were longer compared to those without irAE (12.3 vs 2.6 m, p < .001 for PFS and 28.9 vs 9.1 m, p = .001 for OS). Multiple Cox regression analysis identified ECOG 0-1 (HR 0.54, p = .007) and irAE (HR 0.48, p = .003) to be independently associated with improved OS. 27 pts (18%) required steroids for irAE. There were no treatment-related deaths. Of 11 pts with h/o AD, only 1 experienced disease flare. Conclusions: The clinical benefit of ICIs persists in older or heavily pretreated pts. ECOG 0-1 and incident irAE predicted for improved survival. Survival for pts with ECOG ≥ 2 is very limited, suggesting ICIs should be used judiciously in this group. Therapy was well tolerated, with a low risk for flare of previous autoimmune disease.