Best of ASCO - 2014 Annual Meeting



Publication-only abstracts (abstract number preceded by an "e"), published in conjunction with the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting but not presented at the Meeting, can be found online only.

Exercise trends among previously non-exercising breast cancer survivors: Analysis of an ethnically diverse sample.

Health Promotion

Symptoms and Survivorship

2019 ASCO Annual Meeting

Abstract No:

J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr e23048)

Author(s): Sonal Oza, Victoria Susana Blinder, Christina Tran, Sujata Patil, Francesca Gany, Nicole Roberts, Lewis J. Kampel, Manmeet Malik, Ting Bao; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY; New York Presbyterian Queens, Flushing, NY

Abstract Disclosures


Background: Exercise is associated with improved symptoms and breast cancer (BC) survival. Little is known about personal and social factors that determine exercise participation in diverse BCS. The study seeks to characterize exercise trends and distinguish factors associated with initiating exercise among pre-diagnosis employed, non-exercising, ethnically and socioeconomically diverse BCS. Methods: BCS were recruited from academic and community medical centers. Women with stage I-III BC were surveyed during and 4 months post-completion of active treatment (surgery +/- chemo +/- radiation). The primary outcome was exercise initiation 4 months post treatment. Variables were self-reported except for clinical cancer variables, which were abstracted from the medical record. Results: Our sample (n = 494) included 22% black, 20% Chinese, 8% Korean, 27% Latina, and 21% non-Latina white women (3% other). 56% were born outside of the US; 30% reported an income < 200% of the federal poverty level (FPL). 72% of BCS exercised the year before diagnosis; 28% did not. Significant correlates (p < 0.05) of NOT exercising pre-diagnosis included lack of post-secondary education, Chinese or Korean ethnicity, lack of alcohol consumption, and lower acculturation level, resilience, and income. Among 138 non-exercisers, 63% reported exercising at follow-up. Significant correlates of exercise initiation are listed in table. In a multivariable model that included age, acculturation, job loss, insurance status, chemo-, and radiotherapy (RT), receipt of RT was significantly associated with exercise initiation (OR 3.1, 95% CI 1.4-7.1). Conclusions: A BC diagnosis may be an impetus to initiate exercise among previously sedentary, employed women. Patients who undergo radiotherapy appear to be more likely to start exercising. Additional research is needed to understand why some patients initiate exercise while others do not.

Factors associated with exercise initiation.

(n)Non-exercisers (%)Exercisers (%)p value
RadiotherapyYes (92)30700.01
No (44)5248
AcculturationYes (70)46540.048
No (65)2971
EmploymentYes (98)45550.003
No (40)1882
Medicaid (40)
Spouse (24)3367
Employer (74)4654

Other Abstracts in this Sub-Category:


1. Effects of a structured intervention program to improve physical activity (PA) of adolescents and young adult cancer survivors (AYAs): Final results of the randomized Motivate AYA–MAYA trial.

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 11518 First Author: Jannike Lisa Salchow
Category: Symptoms and Survivorship - Health Promotion


2. Association of obesity with breast cancer outcome in relation to cancer subtypes.

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 11557 First Author: Ana Elisa Lohmann
Category: Symptoms and Survivorship - Health Promotion


3. Physiological and psychosocial effects of a highly structured exercise program on breast cancer survivorship.

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 11558 First Author: Judy A. Tjoe
Category: Symptoms and Survivorship - Health Promotion