Best of ASCO - 2014 Annual Meeting

 

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Attend this session at the
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting!


Session: Central Nervous System Tumors

Type: Poster Session

Time: Sunday June 2, 8:00 AM to 11:00 AM

Location: Hall A


Session: Central Nervous System Tumors

Type: Poster Discussion Session

Time: Sunday June 2, 4:30 PM to 6:00 PM

Location: S404

Genomic characterization of lung tumors and metastatic (Met) sites in advanced (Adv) NSCLC.

Sub-category:
Central Nervous System Tumors

Category:
Central Nervous System Tumors

Meeting:
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting

Abstract No:
2014

Poster Board Number:
Poster Discussion Session (Board #203)

Citation:
J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr 2014)

Author(s): Melinda D Willard, Emily Nash Nash Smyth, Ramon Velasquez Tiu, Julie Beyrer, Yajun Emily Zhu, Lee Bowman, Kristin M Sheffield, Yimei Han, Priscilla Brastianos; Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, IN; Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA

Abstract Disclosures

Abstract:

Background: Molecular alterations (MA) found in brain (Br) mets of NSCLC pts can differ from primary and/or other met sites, which may explain why therapies targeting primary tumors are less effective at preventing and treating intracranial disease. We analyzed the frequency of known driver genes in adv NSCLC pts and the association with overall survival (OS). Methods: This retrospective observational study identified pts from the Flatiron- Foundation Medicine NSCLC Clinico-Genomic Database who were diagnosed with adv NSCLC from 1 Jan 2011 to 31 Oct 2017 and had tumor tissue analyzed at any time following initial diagnosis via targeted DNA sequencing by FoundationOne. Descriptive statistics summarized MA from lung and met sites (Br and non-brain [NB]). OS was measured from adv diagnosis to death or last activity date (censored). Multivariable Cox proportional hazard regression model was used for time-to-event analysis. Results: Of 3257 pts, data were available from lung (n = 1621), Br (n = 180), and NB sites (n = 377): liver (n = 167), bone (n = 124), adrenal (n = 63), and spine (n = 23). Median age at adv diagnosis was 66.2 yrs. TP53(63.3%), KRAS(28.8%), EGFR(15.6%),STK11 (13.5%), and CDKN2A(8.5%) were frequently mutated genes in lung samples. Genes for Br vs NB sites included TP53(70.6%; 64.7%), KRAS(36.1%; 26.5%), EGFR (9.4%; 18.8%), STK11 (18.9%; 12.7%), and CDKN2A(6.1%; 10.1). KEAP1alterations were also present in 10% (Br), 7.4% (NB), and 6% of lung samples. In treated pts, lack of alterations in select genes (STK11, TP53, KEAP1) was associated with longer OS, whereas lack of other alterations (ARID1A, EGFR, ALK, ROS1) was associated with a shorter OS (p < 0.05). Patients with select mutations co-occurring with KRAS had higher risk of death compared to those with KRAS only (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Based on pts with NSCLC whose tumor tissue underwent DNA sequencing, the most frequently altered genes in lung and Br samples included TP53,KRAS, EGFR, STK11,andCDKN2A, with some being significantly associated with OS. Prognosis of NSCLC pts depends on clinical, demographic, and genomic factors and should be carefully considered to optimize clinical outcome.

 
Other Abstracts in this Sub-Category:

 

1. Second interim and first molecular analysis of the EORTC randomized phase III intergroup CATNON trial on concurrent and adjuvant temozolomide in anaplastic glioma without 1p/19q codeletion.

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 2000 First Author: Martin J. Van Den Bent
Category: Central Nervous System Tumors

 

2. Randomized phase IIb clinical trial of continuation or non-continuation with six cycles of temozolomide after the first six cycles of standard first-line treatment in patients with glioblastoma: A Spanish research group in neuro-oncology (GEINO) trial.

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 2001 First Author: Carmen Balana
Category: Central Nervous System Tumors

 

3. Updated predictive analysis of the WHO-defined molecular subgroups of low-grade gliomas within the high-risk treatment arms of NRG Oncology/RTOG 9802.

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 2002 First Author: Erica Hlavin Bell
Category: Central Nervous System Tumors

 

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