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Publication-only abstracts (abstract number preceded by an "e"), published in conjunction with the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting but not presented at the Meeting, can be found online only.

Chemotherapy in combination with immune checkpoint inhibitors for the first-line treatment of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer: A systematic review and literature-based meta-analysis.

Sub-category:
Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Category:
Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic

Meeting:
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting

Abstract No:
e20565

Citation:
J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr e20565)

Author(s): Alfredo Addeo, Giuseppe Luigi Banna, Giulio Metro, Massimo Di Maio; Oncology Department University Hospital Geneva, Genève, Switzerland; Cannizzaro Hospital, Catania, Italy; Medical Oncology, S. Maria della Misericordia Hospital, Perugia, Italy; Medical Oncology, Mauriziano Hospital; Department of Oncology, University of Turin, Torino, Italy

Abstract Disclosures

Abstract:

Background: Checkpoint inhibitors plus platinum-based chemotherapy have shown superiority compared to chemotherapy alone as first-line therapy in advanced non–small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC),To evaluate the relative benefit in term of Overall Survival (OS) and Progression-free Survival (PFS) of checkpoint inhibitors plus chemotherapy versus chemotherapy alone, overall and in subgroups defined by PDL1 expression we have performed a meta-analysis Methods: This meta-analysis searched PubMed and checked references of the selected English language articles to identify further eligible trials. Furthermore, proceedings of the main International meetings (American Society of Clinical Oncology [ASCO] annual meeting, European Society of Medical Oncology [ESMO] annual meeting, International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer [IASLC] World Conference on Lung Cancer), were searched from 2010 onwards for relevant abstracts. Data collection for this study took place from October 1 to October 24, 2018. Results: In total, 8 trials involving 4646 patients with advanced NSCLC, 3.314 (71%) and 1.332 (29%) with a non-squamous and squamous histology, respectively, were included in this meta-analysis. Four trials used atezolizumab, 3 pembrolizumab and 1 nivolumab, accounting for 2.985 (64%), 1.298 (28%) and 363 (8%) of patients, respectively. Checkpoint inhibitors plus chemotherapy were associated with prolonged OS, compared with chemotherapy in the ITT population (HR, 0.74; 95% CI, 0.64-0.87; p = 0.0002, with significant heterogeneity among trials). Within the PDL1 low group (1-49) there was a significant heterogeneity (p = 0.06) between type of drug and efficacy: the combination of chemotherapy plus pembrolizumab showed an OS benefit (HR, 0.56; 95% CI, 0.40-0.78; P< .00007) unlike the atezolizumab backbone trials (HR, 0.92; 95% CI, 0.62-1.37; P< 0.69). However, checkpoint inhibitors plus chemotherapy were associated with prolonged PFS in the ITT (HR, 0.61; 95% CI, 0.56-0.66; P< 0.00001) and across PDL1 subgroups. Conclusions: Checkpoint inhibitors plus chemotherapy compared with chemotherapy, are associated with significantly prolonged OS and PFS in first-line therapy in NSCLC. In the low PDL1 subgroups the benefit was statistically significant only in the pembrolizumab backbone trials.

 
Other Abstracts in this Sub-Category:

 

1. Association of STK11/LKB1 genomic alterations with lack of benefit from the addition of pembrolizumab to platinum doublet chemotherapy in non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer.

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 102 First Author: Ferdinandos Skoulidis
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

2. Real-world outcomes of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (aNSCLC) and autoimmune disease (AD) receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 110 First Author: Sean Khozin
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

3. RELAY: A multinational, double-blind, randomized Phase 3 study of erlotinib (ERL) in combination with ramucirumab (RAM) or placebo (PL) in previously untreated patients with epidermal growth factor receptor mutation-positive (EGFRm) metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 9000 First Author: Kazuhiko Nakagawa
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

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