Publication-only abstracts (abstract number preceded by an "e"), published in conjunction with the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting but not presented at the Meeting, can be found online only.
Using single cell genomics to change the treatment of lung cancer.
Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting
J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr e20563)
Author(s): Venessa T. Chin, Ghamdan Al Eryani, Rachael McCloy, Emily Stone, Adrian Havryk, Marshall Plit, Andrew Field, Neil Watkins, Alex Swarbrick, Joseph Powell; The Kinghorn Cancer Centre, The Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Sydney, Australia; Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Sydney, NSW, Australia; St Vincent's Hospital, Darlinghurst, Australia; St Vincent's Hospital, Null, Australia; University of NSW and Notre Dame University Medical School, Sydney, Australia; Monash University, Melbourne, Australia; Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Darlinghurst, Australia
Background: Lung cancer (LC) is common with a dismal prognosis. Although treatment with immunotherapy (IO) has improved survival outcomes, these therapies remain expensive. Even using biomarker selection, response rates still fall short of 50%. The majority of immune cell profiling done previously uses samples taken from early stage patients focusing on a single immune cell subtype. Here we use single cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) and Cellular Indexing of Transcriptome and Epitopes by sequencing (CITE-seq) to characterise the innate and adaptive immune cell activation state and assess the response to exposure to IO in vitro from patients with advanced LC. Methods: Patients with locally advanced or metastatic LC having an Endobronchial Ultrasound-Guided Transbronchial Needle Aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) have biopsies collected for analysis. Cells are grown in culture +/- nivolumab for 48 hours. scRNA-seq and CITE-seq is conducted using established protocols. Transcriptomic and proteomic data on the innate and adaptive immune cell subsets assess markers of immune activation and/or suppression and the changes after nivolumab are quantified. Results are correlated with clinical outcomes. Results: In a locally advanced/metastatic population, EBUS-TBNA biopsies yield highly cellular samples with a heterogeneous population of immune cells able to be cultured +/- IO using novel, inclusive techniques. Transcriptomic clustering reveals distinct sub-populations within the T-cell, B-cell and innate immune cell compartments. Within these clusters, CITE-seq shows protein expression on individual cells can determine states of exhaustion, cytolytic ability, migratory potential and innate immune activation. Conclusions: Single cell genomics is feasible and informative in patients with advanced LC. This work will form the basis of a functional, real-time assay to assess individualised responses to IO therapy that has the potential to predict IO response.