Publication-only abstracts (abstract number preceded by an "e"), published in conjunction with the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting but not presented at the Meeting, can be found online only.
Checkpoint inhibitors in combination with chemotherapy for first-line treatment of advanced non-small cell lung cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs).
Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting
J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr e20558)
Author(s): Wai Lin Thein, Aung Tun, Kyaw Zin Thein, Elizabeth Guevara; University of Medicine, Brooklyn, NY; Brooklyn Hospital Center, Brooklyn, NY; University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX
Background: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for ~85% of lung cancers among which the metastatic disease represents ~ 57%, and long-term prognosis remains poor. Combined chemoimmunotherapy can have synergistic anticancer activities through the immunomodulatory impact of checkpoint inhibitors and the immunogenic effect of chemotherapy. Methods: We systematically conducted a comprehensive literature search using PUBMED, EMBASE and SCOPUS databases through January 31, 2019. RCTs of first-line chemotherapy +/- immunotherapy in patients with advanced NSCLC were incorporated in the analysis. A generic inverse variance method was used to calculate the estimated pooled Hazard ratio (HR) for overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). The mantel-haenszel method was used to calculate the estimated pooled risk ratio (RR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) for pooled overall response rate (ORR), all-grade adverse events (AEs), and high-grade AEs (grade 3). Heterogeneity was assessed with Cochrane Q -statistic. Random effects were used due to significant heterogeneity among studies. Results: Nine phase 2 & 3 RCTs (Keynote – 021,189, 407, IMpower – 130, 131, 132, 150, checkmate-227, and Govindan et al) including 5042 patients with advanced NSCLC patients were included in the meta-analysis. The study arm used standard chemotherapy regimens in combination with ipilimumab, pembrolizumab, atezolizumab, or nivolumab while control arm used only standard chemotherapy regimens. The pooled HR for PFS was 0.65 (95% CI: 0.57-0.73; P = 0.00001), the pooled HR for OS was 0.72 (95% CI: 0.61-0.86; P = 0.0003), and the pooled RR for ORR was 1.45 (95 CI: 1.23-1.72; P = 0.0001). The pooled RRs for all-grade AEs and high-grade AEs were 1.03 (95% CI: 0.99-1.07; P = 0.13) and 1.21 (95% CI: 1.1-1.34; P = 0.0001), respectively. Conclusions: The combined chemoimmunotherapy can significantly improve PFS, OS, and ORR compared to standard chemotherapy for the first-line treatment of advanced NSCLC. The combined regimen results in a slightly higher risk of high-grade AEs without a significant increase in the risk of all-grade AEs.