2019 ASCO Annual Meeting!
Session: Gynecologic Cancer
Type: Poster Session
Time: Saturday June 1, 1:15 PM to 4:15 PM
Location: Hall A
Risk factors for progression or death in ovarian cancer patients who completed first-line platinum treatment.
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting
Poster Board Number:
Poster Session (Board #371)
J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr 5548)
Author(s): Shannon Neville Westin, Melinda Louie-Gao, Enkhe Badamgarav, Mohan V. Bala, Premal H. Thaker; The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX; TESARO, Inc., Waltham, MA; Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO
Background: Limited real-world information is available in ovarian cancer (OC) regarding prognostic factors for disease progression or death after initial treatment. Here, we assessed potential prognostic risk factors in OC patients (pts) who completed first-line (1L) platinum-based chemotherapy (CT) using real-world data. Methods: This retrospective study identified 5535 pts diagnosed with OC from January 2011–October 2018 from the Flatiron database, a longitudinal, demographically and geographically diverse database derived from health records from > 265 cancer clinics and > 2 million US cancer pts. Stage III/IV OC pts who completed 1L platinum-based CT after primary debulking or interval debulking surgery were included. Pts who received a poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor (PARPi) in 1L treatment or as maintenance therapy after 1L treatment were excluded. Cox proportional hazards model was used to assess the association between baseline factors (neoadjuvant CT, disease stage, residual disease, BRCA status, ECOG, age, platelet count, hemoglobin, and neutrophil count) and time to next treatment (TTNT; a proxy for progression-free survival) or overall survival (OS) in these pts. Results: 1064 of 5535 pts were eligible per our inclusion/exclusion criteria. Neoadjuvant treatment, stage of disease, residual disease after surgery, and BRCA mutation (BRCAmut) status were significant prognostic factors for either TTNT or OS. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy pts had a shorter TTNT (hazard ration [HR] = 1.37; P= .001) and OS (HR = 1.64; P= .0002) than pts who underwent primary surgery after adjusting for other covariates. Stage IV pts had a shorter TTNT (HR = 1.26; P= .01) and OS (HR = 1.24; P= .09) than stage III pts. OS was also worse in pts with vs without residual disease (HR = 1.27; P= .04) and worse in BRCAwt than BRCAmut pts (HR = 1.37; P= .10). Conclusions: In this retrospective analysis of a real-world data set, BRCAwt status was associated with higher risk of death. Receipt of neoadjuvant CT, higher stage of disease at diagnosis, or presence of residual disease after surgery were also associated with a shorter TTNT or higher risk of death. These real-world data confirm previously identified prognostic factors.
1. Combination of niraparib and bevacizumab versus niraparib alone as treatment of recurrent platinum-sensitive ovarian cancer: A randomized controlled chemotherapy-free study—NSGO-AVANOVA2/ENGOT-OV24.