Publication-only abstracts (abstract number preceded by an "e"), published in conjunction with the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting but not presented at the Meeting, can be found online only.
Epidemiology, prevalence and national trends of combined hepatocellular carcinoma-cholangiocarcinoma (cHCC-CCA) in hospitalized US patients between 2002-2014.
Gastrointestinal (Noncolorectal) Cancer
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting
J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr e15616)
Author(s): Ahmed Elkafrawy, Hasan F. Othman, Samia Asif, Leen Al-Sayyed, Anuj Shrestha; University of Missouri Kansas City, School of Medicine, Kansas City, MO; Cleveland Clinic, Research Fellow, Cleveland, OH; Saint Luke's Hospital, Kansas City, MO; University of Missouri, Kansas City, MO
Background: cHCC-CCA represents a rare type of primary liver cancer that was first identified in 1949. The aim of this study is to evaluate epidemiology, clinical outcomes and national trends of cHCC-CCA in hospitalized US patients using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database (NIS). Methods: NIS database was inquired to identify patients with HCC between 2002 and 2014 using ICD9-CM codes. Patients with HCC were classified into two groups, one group with cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) and the other group without CCA. SPSS version 25 was used for statistical analysis. Results: We identified 525,699 patients with HCC between 2002-2014. Of them, 2,158 patients (0.4%) had CCA. In the cHCC-CCA group, 87.8% of the patients were above 50 years old, 58.1% were male, 63.7% were Caucasian, and 10% were African American. Mortality in patients hospitalized with cHCC-CCA was 8.5% compared to 11.1% in patients with HCC (OR 0.74, 95% CI 0.64-0.86, P < 0.0001). Mortality in cHCC-CCA patients decreased from 19.1% in 2002 to 7.9% in 2014. The median length of stay (LOS) in patients with cHCC-CCA was 6 days compared to 4 days in patients with HCC (P < 0.0001). Median LOS for patients with cHCC-CCA was unchanged between 2002 and 2014. The median hospitalization cost of charge in cHCC-CCA patients was 41,012 USD compared to 28,371 USD in HCC patients. In the cHCC-CCA group, it increased from 17,243 USD in 2002 to 37,234 USD in 2014. Only 0.9% of patients with cHCC-CCA underwent liver transplantation compared to 3.5% of HCC patients (OR 0.26, 95% CI (0.17-0.41), P < 0.0001). Conclusions: Prevalence of cHCC-CCA was 0.4% of patients with HCC during the study period. cHCC-CCA was unexpectedly associated with less mortality; possibly because of limitations in comparison due to the smaller number of patients compared to HCC alone. cHCC-CCA was also associated with lower rates of liver transplantation but more prolonged LOS and higher hospitalization cost of charge compared to HCC patients. In the same period, mortality decreased in cHCC-CCA patients and cost of charge increased while prevalence and LOS were unchanged. Further studies are needed to evaluate and understand cHCC-CCA as a separate entity.