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Attend this session at the
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting!


Session: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic

Type: Poster Session

Time: Sunday June 2, 8:00 AM to 11:00 AM

Location: Hall A

Osimertinib induced cardio-toxicity: A retrospective review of FDA adverse events reporting system (FAERS).

Sub-category:
Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Category:
Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic

Meeting:
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting

Abstract No:
9044

Poster Board Number:
Poster Session (Board #367)

Citation:
J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr 9044)

Author(s): Kartik Anand, Joe Ensor, Barry Trachtenberg, Eric Bernicker; Houston Methodist Cancer Center, Houston, TX; Houston Methodist Hospital, Houston, TX; Division of Cardiology, Houston Methodist Hospital, Houston, TX; Houston Methodist Hospital, Department of Medical Oncology, Houston, TX

Abstract Disclosures

Abstract:

Background: Osimertinib is an oral third generation irreversible epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI). In the FLAURA trial (a Phase III randomized-control trial) Osimertinib arm had higher rate of cardio-toxicity compared to standard EGFR-TKIs. We queried FAERS database to find out rate of cardio-toxicity caused by Osimertinib compared to other EGFR-TKIs. Methods: We queried FAERS for “Cardiac failure”, “Electrogram QT-prolonged”, “Atrial Fibrillation(A.fib)”, “Myocardial Infarction(MI)”, “Cardiac failure congestive(CFC)” and “Pericardial Effusion(PE)” secondary to “Osimetinib”, “Erlotonib”, “Afatinib” and “Gefitinib” from 2016-2018. Disproportionality signal analysis was done by calculating Reporting Odds Ratio (ROR) with 95% confidence interval (CI). ROR was considered significant when lower limit of 95% CI was > 1. Results: Total AEs from all drugs were 5,138,230. Total AEs from all 4 TKIs were 8450, 2454 due to Osimertinib, 5836 due to other TKIs and 160 due to combination of both Osimertinib plus any of other 3 TKIs. ROR for Cardiac failure, A.fib, QT prolongation, MI, PE and CFC due to Osimertinib was 6.4(4.7-8.7), 4(2.8-5.8), 11.2(7.9-15.8), 1.6(0.9-2.6), 8.2(4.8-14) and 3.9(2.4-6.3) respectively. ROR for Cardiac failure, A.fib, QT prolongation, MI, PE and CFC on comparing Osimertinib vs other TKIs was 2.1(1.3-3.2), 2.1(1.3-3.5), 6.6(3.4-12.8), 1.2(0.6-2.3), 1.6(0.8-3.3) and 2.3(1.2-4.6) respectively. Findings are summarized in Table. Conclusions: Rate of QT prolongation, cardiac failure, CFC and A.fib were found to be higher due to Osimertinib compared to other TKIs. EKG monitoring for QT prolongation and monitoring for signs/symptoms of heart failure should be considered while using Osimertinib.

AE
(8450)
Osimertinib
(2454)
Osimertinib + Other TKIs
(160)
Other TKIs
(5836)
ROR(95% CI)
OsimertinibOsimertinib vs other TKIs
Cardiac Failure(n = 86)401456.4(4.7-8.7)2.1(1.3-3.2)
A.fib(n = 64)301334(2.8-5.8)2.1(1.3-3.5)
QT prolongation(n = 49)3341211.2(7.9-15.8)6.6(3.4-12.8)
MI(n = 46)160301.6(0.9-2.6)1.2(0.6-2.3)
PE(n = 36)142208.2(4.8-14)1.6(0.8-3.3)
CFC(n = 34)170173.9(2.4-6.3)2.3(1.2-4.6)

 
Other Abstracts in this Sub-Category:

 

1. Association of STK11/LKB1 genomic alterations with lack of benefit from the addition of pembrolizumab to platinum doublet chemotherapy in non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer.

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 102 First Author: Ferdinandos Skoulidis
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

2. Real-world outcomes of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (aNSCLC) and autoimmune disease (AD) receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 110 First Author: Sean Khozin
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

3. RELAY: A multinational, double-blind, randomized Phase 3 study of erlotinib (ERL) in combination with ramucirumab (RAM) or placebo (PL) in previously untreated patients with epidermal growth factor receptor mutation-positive (EGFRm) metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 9000 First Author: Kazuhiko Nakagawa
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

 

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