Publication-only abstracts (abstract number preceded by an "e"), published in conjunction with the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting but not presented at the Meeting, can be found online only.
The clinical analysis of pulmonary lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma with epithelioid granuloma: Fourteen cases and literature review.
Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting
J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr e20545)
Author(s): Yinyin Qin; State Key Laboratory of Respiratory Disease, Shunde Hospital Affiliated to Guangzhou Medical University,Guangzhou Institute of the Respiratory Health, the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China
Background: Pulmonary lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma (PLELC) is a rare subtype of non-small cell lung cancer associated with Epstein-bar virus (EBV) infection. Even less reported were those with Epithelioid granuloma (EG) and were frequently misdiagnosed. Current study aimed at investigating the clinical presentation, pathological characteristics and treatments of PLELC complicated with EG to improve our understanding of this disease. Methods: Data was collected from January 2013 to December 2017. A total of 105 patients were diagnosed as PLELC, in which 14 patients were with EG. Their clinical features, pathological characteristics and treatment were analyzed. Results: The 14 patients with EG (13.3%) in our group were followed-up 15 months (10-31 months).The median age was 48.5 year-old (38-67 year-old) and 85.7% were under the age of 60, meanwhile females had a slightly higher proportion than males (1.8:1). Most patients were at early stage (71.4%) with nonspecific manifestations such as cough, expectoration and lack of rich-lewis phenomenon. EG were often located in tumor or beside the tumor (71.4%), others were located in lymph node. It was all negative in specific stain of pathology and all positive in situ hybridization of EBV-encoded RNA (EBER). In our study, two patients received palliative chemotherapy with the duration of progression-free survival in 8 and 10 months, respectively. Twelve patients underwent surgical resection including ten with adjuvant or neo-adjuvant chemotherapy. Three patients had disease relapsed in 8, 13 and 25 months after surgery, respectively. None of them had tuberculosis occurring, progression or relapse, even if anti-tuberculosis therapy were not taken. Conclusions: PLELC complicated with EG, a rare phenomenon, was lack of rich-lewis phenomenon and specific clinical characteristic compared with those without EG. The formation of EG may be caused by immunological hypersensitivity to tumor cell or EBV infection instead of tuberculosis. It was important for us to make an exact pathological diagnosis, and attention should be paid to obtain samples by biopsy and make differential diagnosis. PLELC complicated with EG could receive multimodality therapy such as chemotherapy and surgery. However, anti-tuberculosis therapy was not necessary.