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Publication-only abstracts (abstract number preceded by an "e"), published in conjunction with the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting but not presented at the Meeting, can be found online only.

Real-world immuno-oncology treatment patterns and outcomes in US patients with metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer.

Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic

2019 ASCO Annual Meeting

Abstract No:

J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr e20537)

Author(s): Amanda Bruno, Kelly Bell, Dana Stafkey-Mailey, Sharanya Murty, Marc S. Ballas; GlaxoSmithKline, Collegeville, PA; Xcenda, Palm Harbor, FL

Abstract Disclosures


Background: Three immune-oncology (IO) agents are approved by the FDA to treat metastatic NCSLC (mNSCLC). This retrospective observational study aimed to observe treatment patterns and real-world outcomes of mNSCLC patients treated in the community setting, predominantly in the southern region of the U.S. Methods: Electronic health records and charts were reviewed for patients with a diagnosis of mNSCLC initiating an IO between September 1, 2015 to September 30, 2017. Patient data were examined from the date of IO therapy initiation until death, loss to follow-up, or study end date (December 31, 2017), whichever was earliest. This study was hypothesis generating thus no statistical tests were performed. Results: Of the 2,864 patients who met initial study criteria, 750 were randomly chosen for full chart review and 577 met inclusion/exclusion criteria among whom 571 had metastatic NSCLC prior to initiating IO therapy. 464, 97, and 16 patients were initiated on nivolumab, pembrolizumab, and atezolizumab, respectively. Average age was 69.7 years and 65% of patients initiated treatment in 2015 or 2016. At diagnosis, 36% of patients had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0 versus 16% at time of therapy initiation. Duration of IO therapy was 5.15 months among all metastatic patients (5.37 months for 1L only) and 4.13. months among those who completed therapy during the study period. Median real world progression free survival (rwPFS) was 5.53 (4.31. 7.20) months for 1L patients and 3.32(2.76, 4.01) months for 2L+. Real world overall survival (rwOS) was 19.04 (13.03, NR) months for 1L patients and 12.01 (8.82, 15.92) months for 2L+. Conclusions: Median rwPFS and rwOS were slightly higher than published clinical trials, yet patients were older and with poorer performance status compared to clinical trial enrollees. Despite the differences in patient characteristics, results suggest that clinical real world outcomes for this population fall within the range of median OS and PFS values observed in immune checkpoint inhibitor trials. Future research should explore the use of EHR, chart and other data sources to confirm benefit and risk in the real world.

Other Abstracts in this Sub-Category:


1. Association of STK11/LKB1 genomic alterations with lack of benefit from the addition of pembrolizumab to platinum doublet chemotherapy in non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer.

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 102 First Author: Ferdinandos Skoulidis
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer


2. Real-world outcomes of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (aNSCLC) and autoimmune disease (AD) receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 110 First Author: Sean Khozin
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer


3. RELAY: A multinational, double-blind, randomized Phase 3 study of erlotinib (ERL) in combination with ramucirumab (RAM) or placebo (PL) in previously untreated patients with epidermal growth factor receptor mutation-positive (EGFRm) metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Meeting: 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 9000 First Author: Kazuhiko Nakagawa
Category: Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic - Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer