Publication-only abstracts (abstract number preceded by an "e"), published in conjunction with the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting but not presented at the Meeting, can be found online only.
Correlation between PD-L1 level and immunotherapy outcome in NSCLC in Lebanon, 2012-2018: A multicenter observational review.
Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting
J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr e20524)
Author(s): Ahmad Ghoche, Lewis Nasr, Saada Diab, Fadi Nasr; Mount Lebanon Hospital, Beirut, Lebanon; Hotel Dieu De France Hospital St Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon; Hotel-Dieu de France Saint joseph University Hospital and Holy Spirit University Kaslik, Beirut, Lebanon
Background: Immunotherapy targeting the PD1/PDL1 checkpoint pathway represents an important innovation in lung cancer treatment. In our research, we evaluate the correlation of PD-L1 expression with clinical outcomes (progression free survival, overall survival, objective response rate) in lung cancer patients in 4 centers in Lebanon. Methods: The 57 patients enrolled in this observational study were stage IIIB/IV NSCLC and SCLC who received immunotherapy with nivolumab, pembrolizumab or atezolizumab at any line of treatment, and were recruited between February 2012 and august 2018. Immunotherapy was continued until progression, death or unacceptable toxicity. PD-L1 expression was assessed on tumor samples either on diagnosis or at progression. Patients were divided into 3 categories according to PD-L1 level (< 1, 1-49, > 50%). Progression free survival defines the time from randomization to disease progression after each line of therapy. Overall survival defines time from randomization to death from any cause. Results: 70.18% had adenocarcinoma, 26.32% had squamous cell carcinoma, 1.75% had small cell lung cancer and one pathology was missing from the file. 66.66% were stage IV at diagnosis, 26.31% were stage 3. PD-L1 expression was > 50% in 40.35% of patients, 24.56% had a level between 1 and 50% and the remaining had a value of less than 1%. PD-L1 was missing or not done in 15.79%. Median PFS was 13.9 months. Median OS was 14.2 months. 22.81% received immunotherapy as first line and 75% of the remaining patients upon first progression. PFS1 was 4.2 months. Mean time to first progression on immunotherapy was 3.6 months in patients with PD-L1 > 50%, 10.5 months in PD-L1 between 1 and 50% and 14.3 months in those who had PD-L1 < 1%. At the date of data cutoff, 49.12 % of patients were still receiving immunotherapy. No grade 3 or 4 immune related adverse events were seen during follow-up. Conclusions: The efficacy and safety of anti-PD-1 medications for advanced NSCLC were comparable in real-world and clinical settings. Prediction of treatment response from tumor PD-L1 expression seemed less practical than that was expected