Publication-only abstracts (abstract number preceded by an "e"), published in conjunction with the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting but not presented at the Meeting, can be found online only.
The mutation profile of EGFR in resectable Chinese lung cancer patients.
Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting
J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr e20519)
Author(s): Wenjun Mao, Ruo Chen, Jingyu Chen, Feng Liu, Yijun He, Shugao Ye, Rongguo Lu, Martin Qi, Mingfeng Zheng; Department of Thoracic surgery,Affiliated Wuxi people’s hospital,Nanjing Medical University, Wuxi, China; The Medical Department, 3D Medicines Inc., Shanghai, China
Background: The frequency of EGFR mutation in Asian advanced lung cancer patients is about 40% and the application of EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) has become a standard treatment therapy. Several studies showed that usage of EGFR TKIs in adjuvant or neo-adjuvant therapy was promising, while the mutation profile of EGFR mutations in resectable Chinese lung cancer patients was still scanty. Our study investigated EGFR mutation profile and its correlation with clinicopathological factors. Methods: 343 resectable patients with lung cancer were selected for eligibility criteria, and tumor tissues were collected for gene detection. EGFR genetic testing was performed by amplification refractory mutation system PCR (ARMS-PCR) with specific sensitive mutation sites. The clinicopathological factors of study population were recorded based on pre-design protocol. Chi-square or fish exact test were used to statistic analysis Results: A total of 343 patients were enrolled in study. 42.6% (146/343) patients were male, 20.4% (68/333) patients were smokers, the adenocarcinoma accounted for 93.8 % (319/340), and stage 0, I, II, III was 7.3% (25/343), 68.8% (236/343), 8.5% (29/343), 15.5% (53/343), respectively. The frequency of EGFR mutation was 54.2% (186/343) in whole population, and the proportion of EGFR L858R, 19Del, 719X, 768I, 861Q mutation was 31.2% (107/343), 21.3% (73/343), 1.2% (4/343), 1.0% (3/343), 1.0% (3/343), respectively. 1.2% (4/343) patients presented EGFR co-mutation (EGFR G719X/S768I; L858R/S768I; G719X/S768I; L858R/L861Q) .The mutation frequency of EGFR mutation was associated with sex, smoking, differentiation, pathology (P = 0.0076, < 0.0001, < 0.0001, < 0.0001, respectively). In subgroup analysis, the incidence of two main mutation types, EGFR L858R and 19del, were associated with disease stage (P = 0.044) and age (P = 0.035). Conclusions: EGFR mutation in resectable lung cancer was a common phenomenon as advanced stage and our study might provide useful informations for using EGFR-TKIs in further adjuvant or neo-adjuvant therapy.