Publication-only abstracts (abstract number preceded by an "e"), published in conjunction with the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting but not presented at the Meeting, can be found online only.
Efficacy and safety of PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors plus nab-paclitaxel with or without bevacizumab as second-line therapy or beyond for patients with metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer.
Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting
J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr e20517)
Author(s): Fan Zhang, Tao Li, Yuzi Zhang, Shangli Cai, Lei Zhao, Shun Chang Jiao, Yi Hu; Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, China; Department of Oncology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, PLA School of Medicine, Beijing, China; The Medical Department, 3D Medicines Inc., Shanghai, China; National Clinical Research Center for Normal Aging and Geriatric & The Key Lab of Normal Aging and Geriatric, Institute of Geriatric, PLA General Hospital, Beijing, China; Department of Oncology, Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing, China; Department of Medical Oncology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, China
Background: Immunotherapy combined with platinum-based chemotherapy is now standard first line treatment for NSCLC patients. However, limited evidence exists to show the efficacy of immunotherapy plus taxanes for patients who have progressed after platinum-based chemotherapy. Therefore, a retrospective study was conducted to assess whether immunotherapy plus nab-paclitaxel with or without bevacizumb could improve efficacy compared with immune monotherapy as second line therapy or beyond for NSCLC patients. Methods: Patients with metastatic NSCLC receiving anti-PD-1/PD-L1 monotherapy or combination therapy from 2015 to 2018 were identified in Chinese People’s Liberation Army General Hospital. Patients who received PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors as first-line therapy or combined with therapies other than nab-paclitaxel and bevacizumab were excluded. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). Secondary endpoints were objective response rate (ORR), disease control rate (DCR) and safety. Results: Of 59 patients, 42 were treated with anti-PD-1/PD-L1 monotherapy and 17 were treated with anti-PD-1/PD-L1 plus nab-paclitaxel with or without bevacizumab. With a median follow-up of 8.2 months, combination therapy group showed significantly longer PFS compared with monotherapy group (8.4m vs. 3.7m, P = 0.047). When adjusted by covariates in COX proportional regression model, both treatment group (P = 0.007, Hazard ration [HR] 0.32; 95%CI 0.14-0.73) and performance status (P = 0.018, HR 0.44; 95%CI 0.22-0.87) demonstrated significant contribution to longer PFS. In addition, ORR was 23.5% (4/17) in the combination therapy group versus 12.8% (5/39) in the monotherapy group (P = 0.265) and the DCR was 88.2% (15/17) in the combination therapy group versus 61.5% (24/39) in the monotherapy group (P = 0.061). The incidence of grade 3/4 adverse events were 23.5% (4/17) in the combination therapy group and 4.8% (2/42) in monotherapy group (P = 0.052). Conclusions: PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor plus nab-paclitaxel with or without bevacizumab resulted in significantly longer PFS and higher DCR as second line therapy of beyond in metastatic NSCLC patients. These findings need to be further explored by randomized controlled studies.