Publication-only abstracts (abstract number preceded by an "e"), published in conjunction with the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting but not presented at the Meeting, can be found online only.
Association of PFS with levels of pretreatment lactate dehydrogenase in patients with EML4-ALK rearrangement non-small cell lung cancer treated with ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitor.
Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting
J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr e20513)
Author(s): Hongge Liang, Di Ma, Yan Xu, Jing Zhao, Minjiang Chen, Xiaoyan Liu, Wei Zhong, Mengzhao Wang, Li Junling; Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Science, Beijing, China; Cancer Hospital Chinese Academy of Medical Science, Beijing, China; Department of Respiratory Medicine, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Science, Beijing, China; Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Beijng, China; Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Beijing, China; Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China
Background: We performed a retrospective analysis to investigate the association between the lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels and progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with echinoderm microtubule-associated protein-like 4-anaplasticlymphoma kinase (EML4-ALK) rearrangement non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) receiving treatment with crizotinib. Methods: Advanced NSCLC patients with EML4-ALK rearrangement receiving treatment with crizotinib were enrolled at Peking Union Medical College and Cancer Hospital Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences between January 2007 and January 2016. Pre-treatment or post-treatment serum LDH levels were analyzed with progression-free survival (PFS) and patients’ clinical parameters. Results: Overall, 212 patients were studied. Kaplan-Meier univariate analysis showed that elevated pre-treatment LDH level (7.9 vs. 14.1 months, P = 0.004) were associated with PFS, while the mean value of post-treatment LDH level (14.3 vs. 13.3 months, P = 0.970) were not associated with PFS. Coxproportional hazards model also identified that pre-treatment LDH level (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.841, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.062-3.190, P = 0.030) was associated with the PFS. Logistic regression analysis showed that post-treatment LDH level was associated with creatine kinase(OR = 6.712, 95% CI 3.395-13.273, P < 0.01), CKMB (OR = 6.297, 95% CI 2.953-13.427, P < 0.01), and hemoglobin(OR = 4.163, 1.741-9.956, P = 0.001). Conclusions: An elevated pre-treatment serum LDH level ( > 250U/L) is significantly associated with shorter PFS in patients with EML4-ALK rearrangement NSCLC. Post-treatment elevated serum LDH level is associated with multiple factors including muscle damage and anemia, rather than PFS.