Publication-only abstracts (abstract number preceded by an "e"), published in conjunction with the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting but not presented at the Meeting, can be found online only.
Pembrolizumab (Pem) for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (aNSCLC): Efficacy and safety in everyday clinical practice.
Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting
J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr e20506)
Author(s): Doran Ksienski, Elaine S. Wai, Nicole Croteau, Ashley Freeman, Leathia Fiorino, Angela Chan, Georgia Samantha Geller, Zia Poonja, Edward Geoffrey Brooks, Dave Fenton, Sarah Irons, Mary Lesperance; BC Cancer-Victoria, Victoria, BC, Canada; BC Cancer Agency-Vancouver Island Centre, Victoria, BC, Canada; University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, Canada; University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC; British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver, BC, Canada; British Columbia Cancer Agency-Fraser Valley Centre, Surrey, BC, Canada; BCCA, Vancouver, BC, Canada; Cross Cancer Centre, Edmonton, AB, Canada
Background: In clinical trials, Pem improves overall survival (OS) compared to chemotherapy in a subset of patients (pts) with aNSCLC. Immune related adverse events (irAE) have correlated with improved OS in some studies. We explored efficacy and safety of Pem in a provincial population. Methods: aNSCLC pts treated with Pem between 06/2015 and 08/2018 at BC Cancer were retrospectively identified. Kaplan-Meier curves of OS from initiation of Pem were plotted and multivariable analysis (MVA) was performed with Cox proportional hazard regression models. 3, 6, and 9 month landmark Kaplan-Meier analysis was performed and log-rank tests used to determine the association of irAE subtypes with OS. Multivariable logistic regression models for irAE within 3 months of Pem initiation were also fit. Results: Characteristics of the 190 pt cohort: median age 70y (41-91), ECOG PS 2/3 at start of Pem: 34.2%, squamous histology: 22.1%, EGFR mutation: 3.7%, brain (13.7%) or liver (8.9%) metastases, PD-L1 expression ≥ 50%: 92.6%, treatment line: 1st/ ≥2nd: 74.2%/25.8%. Median cycles delivered 7 (range 1-35). With median survival follow-up of 6.1 months (range 0.03-39.8 months) and 43% pts decreased, median OS of Pem in the 1st line and ≥2nd line settings were 24.3 months (95% CI, 9.7-not reached, NR) and 13.4 months (95% CI, 8.1-NR), respectively. Pts with ECOG PS 2/3 had lower OS vs. ECOG PS 0/1 (5.8 months vs. 16.7 months, log-rank p < 0.0001). On MVA, only ECOG PS (p < 0.001) was associated with OS. 66 pts (34.7% of cohort) experienced 89 irAE; most common irAE: dermatitis (20pts), hypothyroidism (13pts), and pneumonitis (10pts). 8.4% of cohort developed grade 3 or 4 irAE; no grade 5 irAE. The odds of a grade ≥ 3 irAE within 3 months was 6.3 fold higher if ECOG 2/3 vs. 0/1 (p = 0.05). A weak association between pneumonitis and decreased OS at 9 month landmark (p = 0.09) was seen; otherwise no association with irAE subtypes at 3, 6, and 9 month landmarks was observed. Conclusions: In the whole cohort, clinical efficacy and toxicity of Pem was consistent with registration trials. Pts with ECOG PS 2/3 had a significantly lower OS and higher odds of developing grade ≥ 3 irAE than those with good ECOG PS 0/1.