Publication-only abstracts (abstract number preceded by an "e"), published in conjunction with the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting but not presented at the Meeting, can be found online only.
Immunohistochemical expression of GRP78 in relation to angiogenesis markers VEGF-a and CD31 and other histopathological parameters in NSCLC.
Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Lung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting
J Clin Oncol 37, 2019 (suppl; abstr e20500)
Author(s): Maha S. Al-Keilani, Basima A. Almomani, Mohammad A. Alqudah, Moath M. Alrjoub, Hiba W. Alzoubi, Batool A. Shhabat; Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan
Background: Neovascularization is essential for the growth and progression of tumor tissues. GRP78 is frequently overexpressed in various types of cancers and has been suggested as a proangiogenic factor. Methods: In order to evaluate GRP78 expression and its role in angiogenesis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), paraffin-embedded NSCLC tissue samples (66 adenocarcinoma and 24 squamous cell carcinoma) were retrospectively collected from 90 patients who underwent surgical resection between 2008 and 2015; and did not receive chemotherapy or radiotherapy prior to surgery. Then we performed immunohistochemistry to examine GRP78 expression and we analyzed the relationships between GRP78 and the angiogenesis marker VEGF-A and the microvessel density marker (MVD) CD31. Additionally, we analyzed the association of GRP78 with clinicopathological characteristics of the patients. Results: Strong GRP78 expression was evident in about 86% of the tumor tissues (77/90). There was significant difference in GRP78 expression between poorly-differentiated and well-differentiated tumors (OR = 0.023, 95% CI = 0.001-0.419, p = 0.011). Moreover, there was a statistically significant association between VEGF-A and CD31 (χ² = 12.00, p = 0.001). Indeed, CD31 and VEGF-A expression significantly associated with histological type. Among the tissues expressing high CD31, approximately 86% of them were adenocarcinoma (χ² = 5.009, p = 0.025); and among the tissues expressing positive VEGF-A, about 79% were adenocarcinoma tissues (χ² = 6.545, p = 0.021). Conclusions: Strong GRP78 may be related to good prognosis of NSCLC. Nevertheless, further studies investigating large number of samples of all histological subtypes are required.