Best of ASCO - 2014 Annual Meeting

 

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Etirinotecan pegol (EP, NKTR-102) in the treatment of high-grade glioma (HGG): A phase 2 trial.

Sub-category:
Central Nervous System Tumors

Category:
Central Nervous System Tumors

Meeting:
2014 ASCO Annual Meeting

Abstract No:
2096

Citation:
J Clin Oncol 32:5s, 2014 (suppl; abstr 2096)

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2014 ASCO Annual Meeting!


Session: Central Nervous System Tumors

Type: General Poster Session

Time: Saturday May 31, 1:15 PM to 5:00 PM

Location: S Hall A2

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Author(s): Seema Nagpal, Cathy Kahn Recht, Urooj Imtiaz, Sophie Bertrand, Reena Parada Thomas, Abdulrazag Ajlan, Justine Pena, Megan Gershon, Pamela L. Kunz, Gordon Li, Lawrence David Recht; Stanford Cancer Institute, Stanford, CA; Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA

Abstract Disclosures


Abstract:

Background: Patients with recurrence of HGG after bevacizumab (BEV) have an extremely poor prognosis and generally do not respond to further treatment. EP is the first long-acting topoisomerase-I inhibitor designed to concentrate in and provide continuous tumor exposure throughout the entire chemotherapy cycle. Becasue irinotecan has demonstrated activity against HGG, we conducted a Phase 2, single arm, open label trial to evaluate EP in HGG patients who progressed after BEV. Methods: Patients age >18 with histologically proven anaplastic astrocytoma (AA) or glioblastoma (GB) who previously received standard chemo-radiation and recurred after BEV were eligible. A predicted life expectancy > 6 weeks, KPS ≥ 50 and adequate organ and bone marrow functions were required for entry. Primary endpoint was PFS at 6-week, secondary endpoints were survival from first EP infusion, overall survival from date of pathologic diagnosis of HGG, and safety profile of EP. Response was assessed by RANO criteria. EP as a single agent is administered IV every 3 weeks at 145mg/m2. Patients did not receive BEV while on EP. Results: Between August 2012-May 2013, 20 patients were enrolled. Median age was 50 years, median KPS was 70%. 90% of patients had GB with a median time of 1 year from a diagnosis of HGG to study entry with a median of 3 prior lines of therapy. Patients received a median of 3 cycles (1-19) of EP. All patients were evaluable for PFS and toxicity. 2 patients (both with GB) had partial MRI responses. 10 patients had stable disease. 2 patients are still on treatment after receiving 19 and 9 treatment cycles. 6-week PFS was 55%. Median and 6-month PFS were 1.9 mos and 10%, respectively. Median overall survival from first EP infusion was 4.1 months. Only one patient (5%) had a Grade 3 toxicity (diarrhea with dehydration) attributable to EP. Hematologic toxicity was mild. Conclusions: Despite discontinuing BEV prior to starting EP, 2 patients had confirmed partial responses (10%) according to RANO criteria and an additional six patients had stable disease at their 1st and 2nd imaging assessment. These encouraging clinical data combined with a favorable safety profile warrant further clinical investigation of this agent in GB. Clinical trial information: NCT01663012.

 

  Other Abstracts in this Sub-Category:

 

1. Phase III study of radiation therapy (RT) with or without procarbazine, CCNU, and vincristine (PCV) in low-grade glioma: RTOG 9802 with Alliance, ECOG, and SWOG.

Meeting: 2014 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 2000 First Author: Jan C. Buckner
Category: Central Nervous System Tumors

 

2. Correlation of molecular subtypes with survival in AVAglio (bevacizumab [Bv] and radiotherapy [RT] and temozolomide [T] for newly diagnosed glioblastoma [GB]).

Meeting: 2014 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 2001^ First Author: Heidi Phillips
Category: Central Nervous System Tumors

 

3. A 6-gene signature for outcome prediction of grade II/III glioma.

Meeting: 2014 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 2002 First Author: Tim Lautenschlaeger
Category: Central Nervous System Tumors

 

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